maghreb بلدان المغرب

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إشكالية المجتمع المدني في المغرب

 الحديث عن المجتمع المدني في المغرب هو بالضرورة حديث عن الأزمة، أزمة المفهوم و أزمة الممارسة، وهذا المعطى لا يستقيم إلا إذا حددنا طبيعة هذه الأزمة على المستوى النظري والعملي، فنعرض في المرحلة الأولى للمفهوم من حيث مضامينه، وسياقه التاريخي، ونعرج في مرحلة ثانية على التجربة التاريخية المغربية و كيفية تعاملها ...  Read More »

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Civil Society Call for the Protection of Libya's Democratic Transition

[The following statement was issued by members of Libya's civil society.]  Libya’s transition since 2011 has been a difficult path to follow; riddled with instability and violence. Libyans and the international community alike did not anticipate much of what has come to pass, rendering the country in constant ...  Read More »

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Turkey’s New Migration Policy: Control Through Bureaucratization

Images of tens of thousands of refugees fleeing from IS across the Turkish border last week thrust the issue of migration to Turkey into the international spotlight. But the influx of refugees to Turkey is only one aspect of the country’s complex migration situation. While characterizations of Turkey as “between East ...  Read More »

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Propaganda, Politics, and Profiteering: Islamic Law in the Contemporary United States

The recent announcement of the establishment of a “caliphate” by the “Islamic State”—also known as the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL) or the Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS)—has put Islamic law back in the headlines. In the ensuing, polarizing debates, images of violence and extremism are ...  Read More »

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Algeria’s Jewish Past-Present

Given other dramatic events this summer, readers might be forgiven for failing to notice a curious announcement the Algerian Minister of Religious Affairs, Mohamed Aïssa, issued on 3 July. The statement advertised that the ministry was to reopen twenty-five of the synagogues that still remain in the country. This ...  Read More »

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Djerba, Tunisia: Garbage Disposal, the Environmental Crisis, and the Awakening of Ecoconsciousness

Djerba is an island in the south of Tunisia, often referred to as “the island of dreams.” In Homer’s Odyssey, Djerba is the enchanting land of the lotus-eaters; the land whose flowers charmed the companions of Odysseus and made them forget all thoughts of return. Today Djerba is one of Tunisia’s top tourist ...  Read More »

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On the Margins Roundup (August)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Mali, South Sudan, Somalia, Mauritania, Djibouti, and Comoros Islands and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the On the Margins Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each ...  Read More »

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Arabian Peninsula Media Roundup (August 26)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Arabian Peninsula and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Arabian Peninsula Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to ...  Read More »

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Arabian Peninsula Media Roundup (July 29)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Arabian Peninsula and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Arabian Peninsula Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to ap@jadaliyya.com by ...  Read More »

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العراق: خطاب التقسيم والأقلمة

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عاد خطاب التقسيم و“الأقلمة“ إلى الواجهة مع تدهور الوضع في العراق و“تمدّد“ الدولة الإسلامية وسيطرتها على الموصل وأجزاء مهمّة من البلاد، حتى أصبحت تشكل خطراً حقيقيّاً يهدد وجود الدولة العراقية. فصرنا نسمعه يتداول في التقارير الإخبارية وتعليقات ”الخبراء“ والمراقبين ونقرأه في تعليقات عدد من العراقيين. ولا شك أنّ ...  Read More »

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Mohamed Bouazizi, l'ouvrier agricole : Relire la « révolution » depuis les campagnes tunisiennes

Bouazizi, l'autre histoire On pourrait commencer l'histoire au début des années 2000. Mohamed, orphelin de son père, devient responsable de sa fratrie et doit subvenir aux besoins de sa famille. Lorsque son oncle maternel, Salah, achète une terre agricole de 18 hectares dans la région de Regueb (gouvernorat de Sidi ...  Read More »

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Sub-Saharan Migrants’ Quest for Hope and Other Dangerous Pursuits

[This article is the fourth in a Jadaliyya series that addresses the present sociopolitical landscape of migration in Morocco. Read the previous installments in the series by Sébastien Bachelet: "Cynical and Macabre 'Politics of Migration' at Morocco’s Borders;" by Anna Jacobs: "Creation ...  Read More »

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'Mind the Gap: Bridging Knowledge and Practices of Activism' at the Fourth Arab Bloggers Meeting

Since the political movements known as the Arab Uprisings erupted in late 2010, some of them leading to the toppling of a handful of long-lived authoritarian regimes in the area, the influence of networked communication technologies on social change and activism has taken center stage in an animated debate spanning ...  Read More »

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Religion, Race, and Repression in Mauritania: The Ould Mkhaitir Apostasy Affair

On 2 January 2014, Mohamed Ould Cheikh Mohamed Ould Mkhaitir, a young Mauritanian engineer from the northern industrial city of Nouadhibou, published a denunciation of caste-based racism, which he framed as a call for religious reform. He dared to challenge the discrimination against Moulamines, the lowest of the low ...  Read More »

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فلسطين: أن تفشل في أن تفشل

يبدو أنه كلما دخل الإنسان عميقًا داخل حيز عمري معين فإنه يكتسب مناعة ما ضد عواقب أو ثمن انسلاخه عن الإجماع العام، أيا كان ذلك الإجماع، ليصبح أكثر حرية في المناورة وأقل خوفاً من الإفصاح عما يعتمر داخله وببساطة. يغيظه ويجعله يتشاجر مع شاشة الحاسوب النقال، وبما اننا في أجواء الإفصاح والبوح الداخلي فلا بد من الاعتراف أنه ...  Read More »

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وتعطلت لغة الكلام

هذه ليست عبارة فارغة من المعنى. ذلك أن الكلام يمكن أن يتعطل ويفقد معناه وأن يتوقف نهائياً. يمكن أن تجدي نفسك في وضع تكونين فيه غير قادرة على الكلام، أو لا تجدين العبارات الملائمة والكلام المناسب. أما أن يُعطِّل السجّان كلامك، لا أحد غير السجان، فهذا أمر آخر يصعب وصفه. حين يتعطل الكلام فجأة وأنتِ في منتصف العبارة، ...  Read More »

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الزمن الآخر\اتصال هاتفي في ساعة متأخرة من الليل

  - جنان - نعم - اتصلوا فيكي من السجن؟ - لأ ليش؟ - اتصلوا فينا وبلغونا أنه الزيارة بكرا ملغية - مين اتصل؟ وينتا؟! - من شوي حوالي الساعة 9:30 المسا اتصل واحد خبرني بكرا فش زيارة - مين اللي اتصل سألته عن اسمه ووظيفته؟ - لأ حكى عربي وقالي بحكي باسم الإدارة - طيب وشو قال كمان - طوارىء! محادثة كان من ...  Read More »

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بيروت.. أول مرّة

كل شارع في بيروت يمكنك أن تصعد أو تنزل به. يتعلق ذلك بالجهة التي تأتي منها إليه. الشوارع المركزيّة، مثل الحمراء والجمّيزة، تكون مستوية. ومنها تتفرّع المنحدرات صعودًا ونزولاً. أغلبية شوارع بيروت الساحقة، هي طلعات ونزلات في الوقت نفسه. بيروت كلها، سفح شرس وعنيف صعوده منهك ومتعب. وفي الوقت ذاته بيروت كلها منحدر سهل ...  Read More »

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في أعقاب زيارته لبيروت: اعتقال الصحافي مجد كيال واقتحام منزل عائلته

اعتقلت الشرطة الإسرائيلية مساء السبت الصحافي والناشط السياسي مجد كيال (حيفا) عند معبر "جسر الشيخ حسين" قرب بيسان، وهو في طريق عودته من بيروت إلى البلاد عبر الأردن. ووصل كيّال الحدود الأردنية - الإسرائيلية مساء السبت برفقة والدته، سهير، التي التقته في الأردن، بعد زيارته للعاصمة اللبنانية دامت نحو أسبوعين ...  Read More »

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New Texts Out Now: Niki Akhavan, Electronic Iran: The Cultural Politics of an Online Evolution

Niki Akhavan, Electronic Iran: The Cultural Politics of an Online Evolution. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 2013. Jadaliyya (J): What made you write this book? Niki Akhavan (NA): As an early and eager participant on the Iranian Internet, I was both excited and disturbed about the kinds of content and ...  Read More »

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Oman Intensifies Localization Strategies

[The following briefing was published by Migrant Rights on 13 February 2014] Nationalization policies in Oman and the wider Gulf region are not new; many programs began in the late 1980s and enforcement has since fluctuated – often waning in periods of heavy development and revived in economic downturns. The spade of ...  Read More »

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The Dangers of Liberalism: Foucault and Postcoloniality in France

[This article is the first in a three-part Jadaliyya series that looks at Foucault's work in relationship to the legacy of French colonialism in North Africa.] “For with Napoleon’s occupation of Egypt processes were set in motion between East and West that still dominate our contemporary cultural and political ...  Read More »

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In Turkey, Some Labels Keep on Giving

A recent speech gave Turkey’s Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan a new opportunity to define and condemn his critics. Calling the students of Middle East Technical University who protested the construction of a highway near the campus “leftists,” “atheists,” and “terrorists,” he repeated his determination to crush ...  Read More »

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New Texts Out Now: Annika Marlen Hinze, Turkish Berlin: Integration Policy and Urban Space

Annika Marlen Hinze, Turkish Berlin: Integration Policy and Urban Space. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2013. Jadaliyya (J): What made you write this book? Annika Marlen Hinze (AMH): I grew up in Berlin in the 1980s, which means I grew up amidst many public debates about "foreigners" and ...  Read More »

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Les quartiers populaires et les printemps arabes: Elements pour une approche renouvelee

Compte rendu de: Pierre-Arnaud Barthel et Sylvy Jaglin (éds.), Quartiers informels d’un monde arabe en transition. Réflexions et perspectives pour l’action urbaine, (Paris: Agence Française pour le Développement, Conférences et Séminaires no.7),159 p. Accessible en ligne. L'informalité est la condition d'habiter ...  Read More »

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العمل المشترك بين القوى اليسارية والعلمانية والديمقراطية

يتم الفصل في المجتمعات الحديثة ما بين الذاكرة وعلم التاريخ، الذي أصبح هو الذي يحدد ويفسر أحداث الماضي. وينتقد الفيلسوف نيتشه، المؤرخين الذين ينتهجون ذاكرة انتقائية في ٳختيارهم، فقط لما يعتبرونه مفيداً للمجتمع وللإنسان. فقد شهد القرن العشرين اهتماماً ملحوظاً بمسألة الذاكرة. فبحسب أبحاث سيجموند فرويد، فإن (الذاكرة ...  Read More »

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Cynical and Macabre 'Politics of Migration' at Morocco’s Borders

“Despite a year marked by successive tragedies as a result of the recrudescence of repression, institutional violence and racism, will 2013 mark a historical turn for politics of migration in Morocco? Will foreigners and migrants be recognized into society?” These questions headed an article by Micheline Bochet Milon, ...  Read More »

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Moral Panics, Sex Panics and the Production of A Lebanese Nation

In the past few months sex panics and moral panics, centered on gendered bodies and abuses, have rocked Lebanon.  In this article I want to revisit three of these panics: photos of a semi-nude Lebanese Olympic Skier’s body and reactions to it; the impunity of wife murderers and wife abusers; and the razing of a ...  Read More »

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The Tunisian Constitution: The Process and the Outcome

The National Constituent Assembly (NCA) recently passed the new Tunisian Constitution on 26 January (and endorsed it officially on 27 January), to emotional and widely reported scenes. This constitution may be as important in the way it came about as in what it actually says. In both its formation and its content, ...  Read More »

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Citizenship in Post-Awakening Egypt: Powers Shifts and Conflicting Perceptions

[The following report was written by Raghab Saad and Moataz El Fegiery of the Cairo Institute for Human Rights Study in Januarly 2014. It was published by the Democracy and Citizenship in North Africa after the Arab Awakening: Challenges for EU and US Foreign Policy (EUSPRING) Project.] Citizenship in Post-Awakening ...  Read More »

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About Maghreb Page

Jadaliyya’s Maghreb Page will deliver exclusive coverage on Algeria, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Tunisia, and the Western Sahara. As the role of the Greater Maghreb has been pivotal in the regional movements, it is imperative that coverage remains consistent and relevant. Jadaliyya will offer incisive analysis--in Arabic, French, and English--through an academic and critical perspective.

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Algeria:

Population 34,994,937
GDP $251.1 billion
Unemployment
10%; Youth Unemployment (ages 15-24): 24.3%
Military Expenditures
3.3% of GDP (World Rank: 37)
Health Expenditures
5.8% of GDP (World Rank 114)

Libya:

Population 6,597,960
GDP 
$90.57 billion
Unemployment 
30%; Youth Unemployment (ages 15-24): n/a
Military Expenditures
3.9% of GDP (World Rank: 26)
Health Expenditures
6.6% of GDP (World Rank: 89)

Mauritania:

Population 3,359,185
GDP 
$7.242 billion
Unemployment 
30% (2008); Youth Unemployment (ages 15-24): 67%
Military Expenditures
5.5% of GDP (World Rank: 12)
Health Expenditures
5.7% of GDP (World Rank: 121) 

Morocco:

Population 32,309,239
GDP 
$163 billion
Unemployment 
9.2%; Youth Unemployment (ages 15-24): 21.9%
Military Expenditures
5% of GDP (World Rank: 16)
Health Expenditures
5.5% of GDP (World Rank: 128)

Tunisia:

Population 10,629,186
GDP 
$100 billion
Unemployment 
13%; Youth Unemployment (ages 15-24): 30.7%
Military Expenditures
1.4% of GDP (World Rank: 109)
Health Expenditures
6.2% of GDP (World Rank: 100) 

Western Sahara:

Population 522,928
GDP 
$906.5 million
Unemployment 
n/a; Youth Unemployment (ages 15-24): n/a
Military Expenditures
n/a
Health Expenditures
n/a

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