maghreb بلدان المغرب

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ما هي النكبة؟

[ تعيد "جدلية" نشر هذه المادة ضمن ملف خاص بعنوان "كبرت النكبة". وهو ملف متنوّع حول نكبة فلسطين تنشره "جدلية" على مدار الأسبوعين القادمين.] ما هي النكبة؟ تستدعي مفردة النكبة (أو الكارثة) إلى الذاكرة تأسيس دولة إسرائيل على أرض فلسطين عام 1948 عن طريق طرد أكثر من نصف سكان فلسطين التاريخية، ...  Read More »

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The Falah School in Jeddah: Civic Engagement for Future Generations?

Beginning in 1869, the Ottoman state attempted to build a state education system, largely in reaction to the establishment of foreign missionary schools throughout the empire. During this period, education also became a prominent field of civic engagement, understood as ways in which citizens participate in shaping ...  Read More »

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In the Service of the Whole Community? Civic Engagement in Saudi Arabia (1950s-1960s)

Civic engagement in Saudi Arabia has been viewed mostly from the angle of labor, nationalist, or sectarian activism that evolves in phases of political or social tension.[1] In this essay, I examine civic engagement in the 1950s and 1960s through the lens of the city. I argue that the above stated categories are too ...  Read More »

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AAUP Findings on the Steven Salaita Case

[The following announcement and referenced investigative report on the case of Steven Salaita was issued by the American Association of University Proffessors (AAUP) in April 2015] Today, we are releasing the report of a committee that investigated the case of Steven Salaita (http://www.aaup.org/report/UIUC). The ...  Read More »

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Reflections on Public Spaces in Revolutionary and Post-Revolutionary Tunis

Chiara Sebastiani, Una città, una rivoluzione. Tunisi e la riconquista dello spazio pubblico. Cosenza: Luigi Pellegrini Editore, 2014. Collective, Au centre de Tunis: Géographies de l’espace public après une Révolution, available online here. The question of public space has been among the most discussed ones ...  Read More »

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The Joint List: The Fetishism of Representation and the Illusion of Influence

In the recent Israeli elections, the parties representing the Palestinian citizens united in one list: the Joint List. It has attracted more external enthusiasm than internal. Authors like Lebanese novelist Elias Khoury praised the list, endorsed it, and even suggested it as a model for elsewhere in the Arab world. ...  Read More »

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What Brings them There? Reflections on the Persisting Symbolism of Tahrir Square

Cairo’s Tahrir Square presents a riddle. This irregular expanse of land and surrounding building surfaces has acquired a central symbolic place in Egyptians’ collective memory, demonstrated by its recurrent use for decades as the primary site for voicing people’s grievances and proclamations. To its romantics and its ...  Read More »

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Becoming a 'Media Intellectual': The Platitudes and Partisanships of Etyen Mahçupyan

As politics in contemporary Turkey is gradually steered towards a de facto Imperial Presidency shrouded in regurgitated myths of Ottoman revivalism and defended against ostentatious conspiracies, it is easy to be sucked into the extreme polarization between the pro- and anti-government positions. It is also easy to ...  Read More »

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دور المجتمع المدني في الثورة التونسية. محادثة لـ"الوضع" بين فاتح عزام وعبد الباسط بن حسن

عبد الباسط بن حسن هو رئيس المعهد العربي لحقوق الإنسان. يعمل المعهد على تعزيز تعليم حقوق الإنسان في المنطقة العربية من خلال بناء المقدرات وبرامج التدريب. و هو أيضا رئيس اللجنة الوطنية التونسية لدعم اللاجئين. شغل منصب عضو في اللجنة العليا لتحقيق أهداف الثورة والإصلاح السياسي والانتقال الديمقراطي. ...  Read More »

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Press Release: Announcing the Website of Watch/Raqeb -- An Arab Regional Project on Information Access

 [The following press release was issued on 22 October 2014 by Watch/Raqeb] -Watch/Raqeb- is pleased to announce the launch of its website www.watchinfo.org. Led by a community of youth from several Arab countries, including Egypt, Palestine, and Saudi Arabia, -Watch/Raqeb- is a multi-layered effort ...  Read More »

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Is the Center for Jewish Life Stifling Free Speech on Campus?

I have never met Slav Leibin. Nonetheless, it recently came to my attention that he vetoed, with the approval of the Center for Jewish Life, my right to participate in a proposed panel on the recent hostilities in Gaza. Apparently this preemptive act of exclusion was carried out on entirely political grounds. This ...  Read More »

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Civil Society Call for the Protection of Libya's Democratic Transition

[The following statement was issued by members of Libya's civil society.]  Libya’s transition since 2011 has been a difficult path to follow; riddled with instability and violence. Libyans and the international community alike did not anticipate much of what has come to pass, rendering the country in constant ...  Read More »

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MESA Pre-Program Discussion: The Salaita Case and the New Assaults on Academic Freedom (22 November 2014)

MESA Panel: The Salaita Case and the New Assaults on Academic Freedom Panel Logistics 3:30pm Saturday, 22 November 2014 Marriot Wardman Park Hotel Washington DC Panel Description After a brief introduction by Laurie Brand (Chair of the Committee on Academic Freedom) and Paul Sedra, the discussion will begin with ...  Read More »

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حروب الردة أو اغتيال المستقبل

  ما من شك في أن المنطقة شهدت في الآونة الاخيرة تقدماً لافتاً لقوى الردّة المضادة للثورات، وهي ليست «ثورات مضادة»، حسب التعبير الدارج، لأن لا شيء فيها من التغيير أو الثورة، إنما هي ردة ضد هذا وتلك. يتمثل المشهد بإعادة انتاج عدد من الأنظمة العربية، بعد التضحية بالحاكم الفرد فيها، يقابل ذلك تعزيز طابعها الاستبدادي ...  Read More »

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Keynote Address: Some Reflections on the Role of Media in Egypt’s January 25th Revolution

  [Walter Armbrust delivering the Keynote Address at the Westminster Conference] This lecture delves into the situational and historic dynamics that undergirded the media practices surrounding the January 25 revolution in Egypt. The notion of social revolution is unpacked to evaluate its application to the ...  Read More »

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حوار مع القيادية اليسارية المغربية نعيمة الكلاف

جدلية: مرحبا بك أستاذة نعيمة. شكراً على قبولك دعوتنا لهذا الحوار. هل يمكن أن تقدمي نفسك لقرائنا بشكل موجز؟ نعيمة: مرحبا شكراً على الاستضافة. اسمي نعيمة الكلاف. أنا محامية وفاعلة حقوقية وعضوة المكتب السياسي للحزب الاشتراكي الموحد. جدلية: سؤالي الأول يتعلق بالوضع الحقوقي بالمغرب بعد تمرير دستور سنة 2011 وتشكيل حكومة ...  Read More »

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Antisemitism and Salaita

[The following letter was originally published on the author, the Head of the Department of English at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and Director of the Initiative in Holocaust, Genocide, and Memory Studies, on his website.]  17 August 2014 Dear Chancellor Wise, I am sorry that I ...  Read More »

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من كتاب "العالمية الأوروبية: خطاب السلطة" للمفكر وعالم الاجتماع إمانويل ولورستين

مقدمة: لا يغيب عن أي باحث في هذه المعمورة - لدى حديثه عن النظام الرأسمالي العالمي وعلائقه المركبة مع السلطة والإمبريالية وفكرة المركز <  Read More »

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جامعة أميركية توقف تعيين بروفيسور أصوله فلسطينية لانتقاده إسرائيل

انتقلت عدوى النقاشات الحادة التي تشهدها وسائل الإعلام الأميركية ووسائل التواصل الاجتماعي حول الحرب الإسرائيلية على غزة، إلى أروقة الجامعات الأميركية، مع إعلان إدارة جامعة ألينوي توقيف تعيين البروفيسور الأميركي من أصول فلسطينية، ستيفن سلايطة، في قسم الدراسات الأميركية للسكان الأصليين (الهنود الحمر). وكانت الجامعة ...  Read More »

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Why Did You Fire Professor Steven Salaita?

The following letter was sent on 10 August 2014 by UCLA Distinguished Professor of History Robin D. G. Kelley to Phyllis Wise, Chancellor of the University of Illinois – Urbana/Champaign. Dear Chancellor Wise, Please do not ignore or delete this letter, or have your administrative assistant file it away. I ...  Read More »

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Letter to University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign Chancellor Protesting Revocation of Job Offer Made to Steven Salaita

[The following letter was issued by the Committee on Academic Freedom of the Middle East Studies Association (MESA) on 11 August 2014.] Dr. Phyllis M. Wise Chancellor, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign via email: chancellor@illinois.edu Dear Chancellor Wise: I am writing on behalf of the Committee on ...  Read More »

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Kenya: On Edge, Rights at Risk

Kenya is in a bad place. Violent attacks from Al-Shabaab, an Islamist group out of Somalia and an Al Qaeda affiliate, and smaller violent attacks and conflicts involving known and unknown sources in rural and urban settings, as well as a rise in general street level crime, have created an insecure, anxious, and deeply ...  Read More »

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Press Release: From Tel Aviv to Toronto, Los Angeles to London, Chicago to San Francisco, Jews Say No to Israeli Genocide

[The following press release was issued by the International Jewish anti-Zionist Network.] From Tel Aviv to Toronto, Los Angeles to London, Chicago to San Francisco, Jews Say No to Israeli Genocide We call on Jews all over the world to follow the call from Haider Eid, political activist and commentator, to ...  Read More »

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New Texts Out Now: Mohammad Ali Kadivar, Alliances and Perception Profiles in the Iranian Reform Movement, 1997 to 2005

Mohammad Ali Kadivar, “Alliances and Perception Profiles in the Iranian Reform Movement, 1997 to 2005.” American Sociological Review 78 (December 2013). Jadaliyya (J): What made you write this article? Mohammad Ali Kadivar (MAK): I actually grew up with the Iranian Reform Movement. The beginning of the movement in ...  Read More »

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بغايا بغداد التعيسات

الى بدر شاكر السياب الذي قال "بغداد مبغى كبير" في ليلة حالكة من عام 1938، كانت العاصمة العراقيّة معرّضة للطوفان بسبب ارتفاع منسوب المياه في نهر دجلة. في حالات كهذه، تستعين الشرطة بالمارّة من أجل حثّهم على إنقاذ مدينتهم. إلا أن شوارع المدينة كانت خالية بسبب البرد القارس وتأخر الوقت، فسارع عدنان محيي الدين، ...  Read More »

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New Texts Out Now: Sheila Carapico, Political Aid and Arab Activism: Democracy Promotion, Justice, and Representation

Sheila Carapico, Political Aid and Arab Activism: Democracy Promotion, Justice, and Representation. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, 2013. Jadaliyya (J): What made you write this book? Sheila Carapico (SC): After the Cold War, European and American professional democracy brokers flocked to ...  Read More »

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ABC Radio (Australia) Interviews Jadaliyya co-Editor Mouin Rabbani on Palestinian Reconciliation

In this interview with ABC Radio (Australia), Jadaliyya Co-Editor Mouin Rabbani explains the background and examines the prospects of the April 2014 Palestinian reconciliation agreement. Rabbani answers questions about the formation of a new Palestinian government, its political program, and economic ...  Read More »

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ما هي خصائص الثورة المضادة؟

  كما أن هناك رد فعل لكل فعل، هناك ثورة مضادة لكل ثورة. الثورة المضادة ظاهرة طبيعية، كما هو رد الفعل التالي على الثورة المضادة. ولا تنتصر إحداهما على الأخرى إلا إذا كان رد الفعل أفعل من الفعل الأول. وهذا لا يتم الا إذا أضاف طرف من الطرفين إلى ردّ فعله فهماً أعمق لطبيعة عدوّه. وهنا فقط، من خلال الفهم الأعمق، ...  Read More »

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Tunisia: The Collective Making of a Constitution

Tunisia’s National Constituent Assembly (NCA) session held on 26 January 2014 did not put an end to disagreements among its members. However, it did represent the culmination of the work done by members. These members were elected by people on 23 October 2011 to draft the provisions of the Constitution of the Tunisian ...  Read More »

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Representing Hamas (Part 1)

Shlomi Eldar, Lehakir et Hamas [“To Know Hamas"]. Jerusalem: Keter, 2012. The latest book by veteran Israeli journalist Shlomi Eldar, Lehakir et Hamas [“To Know Hamas], is a must-read for anyone interested in Hamas and the trajectory of the Palestinian-Israeli conflict since the beginning of the second intifada ...  Read More »

About Maghreb Page

Jadaliyya’s Maghreb Page delivers exclusive coverage on Algeria, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Tunisia, and the Western Sahara. As the role of the Greater Maghreb has been pivotal in the regional movements, it is imperative that coverage remains consistent and relevant. Jadaliyya offers incisive analysis--in Arabic, French, and English--through an academic and critical perspective.

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Algeria:

Population 34,994,937
GDP $251.1 billion
Unemployment
10%; Youth Unemployment (ages 15-24): 24.3%
Military Expenditures
3.3% of GDP (World Rank: 37)
Health Expenditures
5.8% of GDP (World Rank 114)

Libya:

Population 6,597,960
GDP 
$90.57 billion
Unemployment 
30%; Youth Unemployment (ages 15-24): n/a
Military Expenditures
3.9% of GDP (World Rank: 26)
Health Expenditures
6.6% of GDP (World Rank: 89)

Mauritania:

Population 3,359,185
GDP 
$7.242 billion
Unemployment 
30% (2008); Youth Unemployment (ages 15-24): 67%
Military Expenditures
5.5% of GDP (World Rank: 12)
Health Expenditures
5.7% of GDP (World Rank: 121) 

Morocco:

Population 32,309,239
GDP 
$163 billion
Unemployment 
9.2%; Youth Unemployment (ages 15-24): 21.9%
Military Expenditures
5% of GDP (World Rank: 16)
Health Expenditures
5.5% of GDP (World Rank: 128)

Tunisia:

Population 10,629,186
GDP 
$100 billion
Unemployment 
13%; Youth Unemployment (ages 15-24): 30.7%
Military Expenditures
1.4% of GDP (World Rank: 109)
Health Expenditures
6.2% of GDP (World Rank: 100) 

Western Sahara:

Population 522,928
GDP 
$906.5 million
Unemployment 
n/a; Youth Unemployment (ages 15-24): n/a
Military Expenditures
n/a
Health Expenditures
n/a

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