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O.I.L. Media Roundup (5 August)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Occupation, Intervention and Law and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the O.I.L. Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each biweekly roundup to ...  Read More »

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Quick Thoughts: Ali Ahmida on the Situation in Libya

[The recent upsurge in fighting in Libya has been the most intense since the overthrow of Mu‘ammar Qaddafi in 2011. In addition to pitting various militias against each other, General Khalifa Haftar has proclaimed his intention to seize the reins of power throughout the country. Jadaliyya asked Libya specialist Ali ...  Read More »

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Human Rights Roadmap for a New Libya

[The following report was published by Human Rights Watch on 3 February 2014] Human Rights Roadmap for a New Libya Introduction After four decades of authoritarian rule, Libya faces the challenge of reforming outdated and repressive legislation and writing new laws that guarantee the full panoply of citizens’ ...  Read More »

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The Ottoman Scramble for Africa

During the nineteenth century, the place of the Ottoman Empire in the European state system became the subject of continual debate among the major players on the world political stage. Ottoman statesmen were acutely aware of the empire’s relatively weak position vis-à-vis its neighbors and sought to manage this ...  Read More »

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Libya’s Revolution 'Will Not Stop Until We Have Freedom'

After forty-two years of political oppression in Libya, it was hoped that the apparatus of Gaddafi’s regime would be dismantled after he was swept from power. Vestiges of the despot’s suffocating grip on free speech still remain, and are still being used to suppress political expression. Jamal al-Hajji, a writer and ...  Read More »

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ليبيا: دولة الميليشيات

  لم تكد تمضي ثلاثة أيام على سقوط طرابلس في أيدي «الثوار» يوم 20 آب العام 2011، حتى وقع أول الاشتباكات بين المجموعات المسلحة التي أبصرت النور خلال الأشهر الثمانية التي سبقت انهيار نظام معمّر القذافي. يومها، هوّن المتفائلون بتحقيق الديموقراطية في ليبيا من وطأة تلك الاشتباكات، فاعتبرها البعض ظاهرة موقتة يمكن ...  Read More »

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Les villes petites et moyennes dans les revoltes arabes: un etat des lieux

Les villes petites et moyennes dans les révoltes arabes: un état des lieux. Compte rendu de: Karine Benafla (dir.), Dossier « Villes arabes: conflits et protestations », Confluences Méditerranée, 85 (2013), 9-164. Une des dimensions singulières des révoltes arabes est leur territorialité, qui a ...  Read More »

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Maghreb Media Roundup (October 20)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Maghreb and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Maghreb Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to maghreb@jadaliyya.com by ...  Read More »

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Maghreb Media Roundup (October 14)

[This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on the Maghreb and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the Maghreb Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each week's roundup to maghreb@jadaliyya.com by ...  Read More »

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Snatch and Render from Libya

In 2004, the British government brokered the transfer of militants of the Libyan Islamic Fighting Group (LIFG) from their “undisclosed locations” in the War on Terror to the Qaddafi regime. “This was the least we could do for you and for Libya to demonstrate the remarkable relationship we have built over the years,” ...  Read More »

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Is Algeria an Anti-Imperialist State?

In the last two years, several articles and analyses have attempted to decrypt Algeria’s ambiguous position toward Western imperialist interventions in Libya and Mali. In contrast to its assertive and resolute diplomacy of the 1960s and 1970s, the Algerian regime confused more than one observer, as it was not easy to ...  Read More »

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Eye on the Libyan General National Congress: Eighteenth Report

[The following report was issued by Bokra Youth Organization and H2O Team on 28 September 2013. This is the eighteenth in a year-long series of reports covering the actions of Libya's General National Council. This issue focuses on the period from 15 September to 30 September 2013. ...  Read More »

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O.I.L. Media Roundup (25 September)

 [This is a roundup of news articles and other materials circulating on Occupation, Intervention, and Law and reflects a wide variety of opinions. It does not reflect the views of the O.I.L. Page Editors or of Jadaliyya. You may send your own recommendations for inclusion in each biweekly roundup to ...  Read More »

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Eye on the Libyan General National Congress: Ninth Report

[The following report was issued by Bokra Youth Organization and H2O Team on 26 May 2013. This is the ninth in a year-long series of reports covering the actions of Libya's General National Council. This issue focuses on the period from 15 April to 1 May 2013. Click here to access the previous report.] Eye on the ...  Read More »

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New Texts Out Now: Ayca Cubukcu, The Responsibility to Protect: Libya and the Problem of Transnational Solidarity

Ayça Çubukçu, “The Responsibility to Protect: Libya and the Problem of Transnational Solidarity,” Humanitarianism and Responsibility, special issue of Journal of Human Rights 12 (2013). Jadaliyya (J): What made you write this article? Ayça Çubukçu (AÇ): This article originated in a piece I wrote for Jadaliyya during ...  Read More »

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Eye on the Libyan General National Congress: Eighth Report

[The following report was issued by Bokra Youth Organization and H2O Team on 20 May 2013. This is the eighth in a year-long series of reports covering the actions of Libya's General National Council. This issue focuses on the period from 1 April to 15 April 2013. Click here to access the previous report.] Eye on the ...  Read More »

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Jadaliyya's Occupation, Intervention, and Law Page Resonates

Since launching in July 2010, the Occupation, Intervention, and Law (O.I.L) page has made rich contributions to the field of studies examining the Middle East, armed conflict, law, and human rights. O.I.L has sought to explore the relationship between, and the debates within, the fields of armed conflict, ...  Read More »

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Eye on the Libyan General National Congress: Seventh Report

[The following report was issued by Bokra Youth Organization and H2O Team on 8 May 2013. This is the seventh in a year-long series of reports covering the actions of Libya's General National Council. This issue focuses on the period from 15 March to 1 April 2013. Click here to access the previous report.] Eye on the ...  Read More »

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Libya: Which Fate for Gaddafi’s Henchmen?

On 24 March 2013, about 200 former rebel fighters in Libya besieged the prime minister's office, demanding that he resign in accordance with a political isolation law banning members of the former regime from political life. Ali Zeidan, the current prime minister of Libya, served as a diplomat under Gaddafi. The ...  Read More »

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Eye on the Libyan General National Congress: Sixth Report

[The following report was issued by Bokra Youth Organization and H2O Team on 22 April 2013. This is the sixth in a year-long series of reports covering the actions of Libya's General National Council. This issue focuses on the period from 1 March to 15 March 2013. Click here to access the previous report.] Eye on the ...  Read More »

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Trial by Error: Justice in Post-Qadhafi Libya

[The following report was issued by International Crisis Group on 17 April 2013.]  Trial by Error: Justice in Post-Qadhafi Libya Executive Summary  There are many necessary cures to Libya’s pervasive insecurity, but few more urgent than repairing its judicial system. Qadhafi-era victims, distrusting an ...  Read More »

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Eye on the Libyan General National Congress: Fifth Report

[The following report was issued by Bokra Youth Organization and H2O Team on 9 March 2013. This is the fifth in a year-long series of reports covering the actions of Libya's General National Council. This issue focuses on the period from 15 February to 1 March 2013. Click here to access the previous report.] Eye on ...  Read More »

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Eye on the Libyan General National Congress: Fourth Report

[The following report was issued by Bokra Youth Organization and H2O Team on 9 March 2013. This is the fourth in a year-long series of reports covering the actions of Libya's General National Council. This issue focuses on the period from 1 February to 15 February 2013. Click here to access the previous report.] Eye ...  Read More »

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Eye on the Libyan General National Congress: Third Report

[The following report was issued by Bokra Youth Organization and H2O Team on 28 February 2013. This is the third in a year-long series of reports covering the actions of Libya's General National Council. This issue focuses on the period from 15 January to 1 February 2013. Click here to access the previous ...  Read More »

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Prison Sketches

Prison Sketches [Translated from the Arabic by Sebastian Anstis]  In the beginning was the Word (forbidden) After we had first tasted the terror of their welcome, they stood us in line against the wall. One of them said severely, pointing to the nearest corner: “Those who who’ve got books or magazines or ...  Read More »

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Eye on the Libyan General National Congress: Second Report

[The following report was issued by Bokra Youth Organization and H2O Team on 8 February 2013.  This is the second in a year-long series of reports covering the actions of Libya's General National Council. This issue focuses on the period from 20 December 2012 to 15 January 2013. Click here to access the ...  Read More »

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Eye on the Libyan General National Congress: First Report

[The following report was issued by Bokra Youth Organization and H2O Team on 19 January 2013.  This is the first in a year-long series of reports covering the actions of Libya's General National Council.]  Eye on the GNC: The First Report This project is the result of intensive communication between two ...  Read More »

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Mali in Focus, Part Three: A Dangerous Show of Force from a Former Colonial Power

[This article is the final of a three-part series featuring different perspectives on the recent developments in Mali. Previously published: "Mali in Focus, Part One: The Jihadist Offensive Revisited" and "Mali in Focus, Part Two: A War That Threatens the Entire Region"] Broad political consensus ...  Read More »

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Habits of French Colonialism

“In other days France was the name of a country. We should take care that in 1961 it does not become the name of a nervous disease.” -- Jean Paul Sartre, preface to Frantz Fanon’s Wretched of the Earth.  In an early French film on the colonies, Enfants annamites ramassant des sépèques devant la ...  Read More »

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Focus sur le Mali, troisième partie: Une périlleuse démonstration de force de l'ancienne puissance coloniale

[Cet article est le troisième d'une série de trois, avec des perspectives différentes sur les développements au Mali. Les articles précédents - « Mali in Focus, Part One: The Jihadist Offensive Revisited » et « Focus sur le Mali, deuxième partie: Une guerre qui menace toute ...  Read More »

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About Maghreb Page

Jadaliyya’s Maghreb Page will deliver exclusive coverage on Algeria, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Tunisia, and the Western Sahara. As the role of the Greater Maghreb has been pivotal in the regional movements, it is imperative that coverage remains consistent and relevant. Jadaliyya will offer incisive analysis--in Arabic, French, and English--through an academic and critical perspective.

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Algeria:

Population 34,994,937
GDP $251.1 billion
Unemployment
10%; Youth Unemployment (ages 15-24): 24.3%
Military Expenditures
3.3% of GDP (World Rank: 37)
Health Expenditures
5.8% of GDP (World Rank 114)

Libya:

Population 6,597,960
GDP 
$90.57 billion
Unemployment 
30%; Youth Unemployment (ages 15-24): n/a
Military Expenditures
3.9% of GDP (World Rank: 26)
Health Expenditures
6.6% of GDP (World Rank: 89)

Mauritania:

Population 3,359,185
GDP 
$7.242 billion
Unemployment 
30% (2008); Youth Unemployment (ages 15-24): 67%
Military Expenditures
5.5% of GDP (World Rank: 12)
Health Expenditures
5.7% of GDP (World Rank: 121) 

Morocco:

Population 32,309,239
GDP 
$163 billion
Unemployment 
9.2%; Youth Unemployment (ages 15-24): 21.9%
Military Expenditures
5% of GDP (World Rank: 16)
Health Expenditures
5.5% of GDP (World Rank: 128)

Tunisia:

Population 10,629,186
GDP 
$100 billion
Unemployment 
13%; Youth Unemployment (ages 15-24): 30.7%
Military Expenditures
1.4% of GDP (World Rank: 109)
Health Expenditures
6.2% of GDP (World Rank: 100) 

Western Sahara:

Population 522,928
GDP 
$906.5 million
Unemployment 
n/a; Youth Unemployment (ages 15-24): n/a
Military Expenditures
n/a
Health Expenditures
n/a

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