maghreb بلدان المغرب

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The Malian Crisis Seen from Algeria

The military blitz by rebels in Northern Mali is far from inconsequential for its Algerian neighbor. The hypothetical secession of the Azawad (in the northern half of Mali) is not viewed favorably in Algeria, to say the least. In addition to the threat of instability across the country's southern border, the Mouvement ...  Read More »

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The Disintegrating Fabric of Tunisian Politics: The Niqab Ban and Tunisian Flag Desecration at Manouba University

It’s difficult to say how it started. For clarity’s sake, let’s begin on 28 November 2011. Enraged at the university’s enforcement of the niqab ban, a group of Salafists took the Dean of the College of Letters at Manouba University hostage. (Students at Manouba, and at universities around the country, are ...  Read More »

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Arab Uprisings and the Algerian Elections: Ghosts from the Past?

In December 2010 and January 2011, Algerians and Tunisians took to the streets. While in Tunisia hundreds of thousands of citizens stood up to bully dictator Zine al-Abdine Ben Ali, to the West, cities across Algeria erupted into widespread rioting. Though the 29 December to 10 January riots were of an ...  Read More »

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Sonia M'Barek: A Musical Innovator Rooted in Tradition

Sonia M’Barek, Proshansky Auditorium, City University of New York Graduate Center, New York, NY, 23 March 2012. In traditional Arabic music, a vocalist is not just referred to as a singer, but is instead spoken of as a mutrib/mutribah. Literally translated, they are the people who bring tarab, or musical ecstasy. As ...  Read More »

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Gold Bullets

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Time for a 'Bourguibist' Comeback? Essebsi Butters up Tunisians in Monastir

The dome shaped room was a sea of red and white. It smelled of amber musk and sea. The attendees were mostly well over the age of forty, and the buzz of excitement was impossible to miss. You would think you were attending a Michael Jackson concert. What’s the occasion, you ask? Well, to celebrate and adulate the ...  Read More »

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Young Women Demanding Justice and Dignity: By All Means Necessary

Amina Filali was a young Moroccan girl who was raped at the age of 15 then forced to marry her rapist. She was battered, bruised, and starved until she committed suicide in March 2012. She was 16 years old. Contributing to Amina’s suicide are her rapist turned husband, article 475 of the Moroccan penal code that ...  Read More »

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Notes from Western Sahara: An Interview with Fatma El-Mehdi

As the Arab Spring spread across several countries in the Middle East and North Africa, American philosopher Noam Chomsky argued that it did not originate in Tunisia, as is commonly understood. “In fact, the current wave of protests actually began last November in Western Sahara, which is under Moroccan rule, after a ...  Read More »

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الذاكرة الجماعية العربية بين الانتقام والعدالة والمصالحة

يمر العالم العربي بمرحلة مفصلية في تاريخه هذه الأيام. مرحلة اختلط فيها الصالح بالطالح، واختلطت فيها الانتهازية بالثورة، وكثر فيها تغيير الولاءات وصار نوعاً من التقليد أن نرى الجلادين يصيرون ثواراً وينغسلون من كل أدران الماضي الذي شاركوا في تشكيله بكل مساوئه لمجرد أنهم غيروا الولاء بين ليلة وضحاها وأرسلوا بياناً مسجلاً ...  Read More »

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Scandalous Flag Incident at Mannouba University: A Wake-up Call

The March 7th events at the University of Mannouba in Tunis drew my attention this week: could this be a wake-up call? A salafi who is not a student at the university took down the Tunisian flag from the rooftop of the university and replaced it with the salafi black flag – inscribed in Arabic ...  Read More »

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Morocco: A 'Democratic Moment'?

During the last years of his reign, King Hassan II initiated a modest and controlled reform process intended to ease the transition of power by attempting to hand the reigns over safely to the crown prince at the time, nowadays King Mohamed VI. To buttress his legitimacy and distance himself from the authoritarian ...  Read More »

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Le printemps arabe : et si l’Algérie avait raison ?

L’Algérie avait-elle raison ? Le régime algérien aime désormais le répéter partout : le printemps arabe est une illusion. Il est mauvais pour la santé des peuples, la stabilité du Sud, la lutte anti-terroriste. Voyez la Tunisie ! Voyez l’Egypte ! Voyez la Libye. Cela ne sert à rien de se révolter ...  Read More »

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Investigations Around Libya: NATO's Craven Coverup of Its Libyan Bombing

Ten days into the uprising in Benghazi, Libya, the United Nations’ Human Rights Council established the International Commission of Inquiry on Libya. The purpose of the Commission was to “investigate all alleged violations of international human rights law in Libya.” The broad agenda was to establish the facts of the ...  Read More »

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Call to National and European MPs: For an Audit of Tunisia's Debts to the EU

[The following statement was issued on 16 March 2012 by a diverse group of European parliamentarians calling for an audit of Tunisia's debt to the European Union.] With dictator Ben Ali ousted from power since 14 January 2011, Tunisia bears the burden of a public external debt amounting to $14.4 bn, which is a major ...  Read More »

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Call for Papers: 1962, A World (Oran, Algeria, 14-16 October 2012)

Call for Papers: 1962, A World Oran, Algeria 14–16 October 2012 Proposal Deadline: 15 April 2012 The symbolic and exemplary resonance of Algeria’s independence escapes the limits of either Algerian or French history. The interdisciplinary colloquium “1962, A ...  Read More »

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The International Symposium on the Arab Spring Through the Eyes of Arab Novelists: Testimonies and Readings

In the grim depths of winter, the Arabic novel keeps the sun of the Tunisian Revolution shining. Although the sun of the Tunisian Revolution and the Arab Spring is still playing hide and seek, it is imperative that artists, writers, and poets find a venue to discuss the cultural and artistic sides of the revolution. ...  Read More »

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A Year After: The February 20 Protest Movement in Morocco

On the one-year anniversary of the February 20 protest movement in Morocco, (henceforth referred to as Feb. 20), the kingdom boasts relatively meager political progress. Despite the much-vaunted reforms and constitutional changes, Morocco has reinvigorated its state edifice, managed to outmaneuver an inexperienced ...  Read More »

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"Violating Sacred Values" in Morocco: Free Speech with an Exception

A simple caricature by a cartoonist and a four-minute video featuring an activist expressing his dissent are arguably some of today’s most common mediums for political expression. In post-constitutional reform and post–parliamentary-election Morocco, sharing a political cartoon and criticizing the monarchy in a video ...  Read More »

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The Libyan Model?

In the halls of the United Nations (UN) in New York, “Libya” hangs like an ellipse. For some, the word connotes a successful agenda for humanitarian intervention. For others, it suggests a disaster. Impending wars in West Asia remain spurred on, or haunted, by “Libya.” Oil traders downplay the dangers of a strike on ...  Read More »

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February Flowers

Spring is not here yet. It was a cold and bloody week. Reach out and pluck all the flowers you see—real and imagined—and make a wreath for those who died! And for those who will...for words, and what they stand for. * Rheim Alkadhi's "Pictures from a Camera." * Diyala Najjar translates an excerpt from ...  Read More »

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Pictures from a Camera

Here in this region, amid the initial, proven, lasting fervor that sends our bodies into perpetual (welcome) disturbance; from these variously perplexing, disappointing, exhilarating, terrible, or inspired moments—from these moments  on, we see ourselves on display, and we shed our museums of ...  Read More »

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Knowledge and Power in Algeria: An Interview with Daho Djerbal on the Twentieth Anniversary of NAQD

It is still very possible to work on Algeria without ever passing through the Contrôle Passeport in Algiers. For a host of reasons—archival, bureaucratic, historical and, perhaps, psychological—Algeria remains on the margins of its own historiography. Arriving in September, I expected to get many questions from ...  Read More »

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القيمة الأخلاقية للثورة العربية

عام ٢٠١١ كان عام الثورات العربية بدون أدنى شك.  ويبدو أن عام ٢٠١٢ سيكون هو الآخر عام الثورات العربية، جديدها وقديمها. فالعديد من الثورات التي تفجرت في العام المنصرم مازالت متقدة تشتعل، والبعض منها هدأ قليلاً ثم عاد للانتفاض أو هو موشكٌ على الثوران مجدداً إما لإدراك ثواره أن ثورتهم لم تكتمل أو لاكتشافهم أن ثورتهم ...  Read More »

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Report of the Independent Civil Society Fact-Finding Mission to Libya

 [The following is the latest from the Palestinian Centre for Human Rights on Libya.] Report of the Independent Civil Society Fact-Finding Mission to Libya Introduction The Independent Civil Society Mission to Libya was established by the Arab Organization for Human Rights (AOHR), in cooperation with the ...  Read More »

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الإخفاقات الأولى للحكومة الملتحية

كنا قد حللنا في مقال سابق الظروف التي فاز فيها حزب العدالة والتنمية بالانتخابات في المغرب بموازاة تحليلنا التاريخي لنشأة الأحزاب المشكلة للتحالف الحكومي الحالي، إذ بحثنا في الظروف التاريخية لولادتها وعرجنا على مشاربها الفكرية والإيديولوجية—إذا كان فعلا ممكنا الحديث عن إيديولوجية حزبية لدى هذه الأحزاب—في  ظل ...  Read More »

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Contre-révolution en Algérie, enseignements pour l'Egypte

Alors que la répression des révolutionnaires égyptiens a pris ces derniers temps une forme de plus en plus ostensible et brutale, il devient urgent de chercher à comprendre ce qui fait la force de la Contre-révolution en cours. Bien sûr, chaque contexte est différent et il est souvent vain de chercher à superposer ...  Read More »

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The Current Political Situation in Libya: An Interview with Ali Ahmida

Libya is back in the news with increasing tensions among various militia groups and political factions struggling for power, sometimes through street battles. Three months have passed since the regime of Muammar Qaddafi was dislodged in Libya. So what is happening in Libya today? What forces are in play, wand hat has ...  Read More »

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Tunisian Film Festival in Hollywood, 10-12 January 2012

Today is the opening of the first Tunisian Film Festival in Hollywood. It is first and foremost a commemoration of the Tunisian revolution, which surprised and shook the world, ushering in insurrections and revolts whose reverberations were heard from Cairo to New York. Secondly, it is also an opportunity to bring ...  Read More »

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Having a Conversation on Other Terms: Gender and the Politics of Representation in the New Moroccan Government

The recent parliamentary elections in Morocco have led to the creation of the first ever elected Islamist government in Morocco’s history. After winning more than forty percent of the votes in the November 25th elections, the Party of Justice and Development (PJD) led by Prime Minister Abdelilah Benkirane formed a ...  Read More »

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Dog Hunting

Many years ago on a day like today, a hard-faced young man sits reading the newspaper in a café in some small alley. He opens the page and a small headline catches his eye: Campaign to Round Up 15,000 Strays in Capital. The young man smiles and reads on: As part of a plan to improve the quality of life for residents ...  Read More »

About Maghreb Page

Jadaliyya’s Maghreb Page delivers exclusive coverage on Algeria, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Tunisia, and the Western Sahara. As the role of the Greater Maghreb has been pivotal in the regional movements, it is imperative that coverage remains consistent and relevant. Jadaliyya offers incisive analysis--in Arabic, French, and English--through an academic and critical perspective.

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Algeria:

Population (July 2016 est.)40,263,711
GDP (2016 est.)$609.4 billion
Unemployment 
(2016 est.)9.9%
Youth Unemployment (ages 15-24;
2014 est.): 25.3%
Military Expenditures 
(/GDP, 2016 est.)6%
Health Expenditures (/GDP, 2014 est.): 7.2%

Libya:

Population (2015 est.)6,597,960
GDP 
($US billions; 2016 est.)90.89
Unemployment (2004 est.)30%
Youth Unemployment (ages 15-24):
n/a
Military Expenditures: 
3.9% of GDP 
Health Expenditures (/GDP, 2014 est.): 5% 

Mauritania:

Population (2016 est.): 3,677,293
GDP 
$7.242 billion
Unemployment (2016 est.)12.8% 
Youth Unemployment (ages 15-24): 67%
Military Expenditures (/GDP, 2014 est.): 2.67%
Health Expenditures (/GDP, 2014 est.): 3.8% 

Morocco:

Population (2016 est.)33,655,786
GDP ($US billions, 2016 est.):  $282.8
Unemployment (2016 est.): 9.9%;
Youth Unemployment (ages 15-24, 2014 est.): 20%
Military Expenditures (/GDP, 2015 est.): 3.25%
Health Expenditures (/GDP, 2014 est.)5.9% 

Tunisia:

Population (2016 est.)11,134,588
GDP ($US billion, 2016 est.): $130.8 billion
Unemployment (2016 est.): 14%;
Youth Unemployment (ages 15-24, 2012 est.): 37.8%
Military Expenditures (/GDP, 2015 est.)2.28%
Health Expenditures (/GDP, 2014 est.)7%

Western Sahara:

Population (2016 est.)587,020
GDP ($US million, 2007 est.):  $906.5
Unemployment: n/a
Youth Unemployment (ages 15-24): n/a
Military Expenditures
n/a
Health Expenditures
n/a

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