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Le printemps arabe : et si l’Algérie avait raison ?

L’Algérie avait-elle raison ? Le régime algérien aime désormais le répéter partout : le printemps arabe est une illusion. Il est mauvais pour la santé des peuples, la stabilité du Sud, la lutte anti-terroriste. Voyez la Tunisie ! Voyez l’Egypte ! Voyez la Libye. Cela ne sert à rien de se révolter ...  Read More »

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Investigations Around Libya: NATO's Craven Coverup of Its Libyan Bombing

Ten days into the uprising in Benghazi, Libya, the United Nations’ Human Rights Council established the International Commission of Inquiry on Libya. The purpose of the Commission was to “investigate all alleged violations of international human rights law in Libya.” The broad agenda was to establish the facts of the ...  Read More »

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Call to National and European MPs: For an Audit of Tunisia's Debts to the EU

[The following statement was issued on 16 March 2012 by a diverse group of European parliamentarians calling for an audit of Tunisia's debt to the European Union.] With dictator Ben Ali ousted from power since 14 January 2011, Tunisia bears the burden of a public external debt amounting to $14.4 bn, which is a major ...  Read More »

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Call for Papers: 1962, A World (Oran, Algeria, 14-16 October 2012)

Call for Papers: 1962, A World Oran, Algeria 14–16 October 2012 Proposal Deadline: 15 April 2012 The symbolic and exemplary resonance of Algeria’s independence escapes the limits of either Algerian or French history. The interdisciplinary colloquium “1962, A ...  Read More »

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The International Symposium on the Arab Spring Through the Eyes of Arab Novelists: Testimonies and Readings

In the grim depths of winter, the Arabic novel keeps the sun of the Tunisian Revolution shining. Although the sun of the Tunisian Revolution and the Arab Spring is still playing hide and seek, it is imperative that artists, writers, and poets find a venue to discuss the cultural and artistic sides of the revolution. ...  Read More »

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A Year After: The February 20 Protest Movement in Morocco

On the one-year anniversary of the February 20 protest movement in Morocco, (henceforth referred to as Feb. 20), the kingdom boasts relatively meager political progress. Despite the much-vaunted reforms and constitutional changes, Morocco has reinvigorated its state edifice, managed to outmaneuver an inexperienced ...  Read More »

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"Violating Sacred Values" in Morocco: Free Speech with an Exception

A simple caricature by a cartoonist and a four-minute video featuring an activist expressing his dissent are arguably some of today’s most common mediums for political expression. In post-constitutional reform and post–parliamentary-election Morocco, sharing a political cartoon and criticizing the monarchy in a video ...  Read More »

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The Libyan Model?

In the halls of the United Nations (UN) in New York, “Libya” hangs like an ellipse. For some, the word connotes a successful agenda for humanitarian intervention. For others, it suggests a disaster. Impending wars in West Asia remain spurred on, or haunted, by “Libya.” Oil traders downplay the dangers of a strike on ...  Read More »

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February Flowers

Spring is not here yet. It was a cold and bloody week. Reach out and pluck all the flowers you see—real and imagined—and make a wreath for those who died! And for those who will...for words, and what they stand for. * Rheim Alkadhi's "Pictures from a Camera." * Diyala Najjar translates an excerpt from ...  Read More »

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Pictures from a Camera

Here in this region, amid the initial, proven, lasting fervor that sends our bodies into perpetual (welcome) disturbance; from these variously perplexing, disappointing, exhilarating, terrible, or inspired moments—from these moments  on, we see ourselves on display, and we shed our museums of ...  Read More »

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Knowledge and Power in Algeria: An Interview with Daho Djerbal on the Twentieth Anniversary of NAQD

It is still very possible to work on Algeria without ever passing through the Contrôle Passeport in Algiers. For a host of reasons—archival, bureaucratic, historical and, perhaps, psychological—Algeria remains on the margins of its own historiography. Arriving in September, I expected to get many questions from ...  Read More »

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القيمة الأخلاقية للثورة العربية

عام ٢٠١١ كان عام الثورات العربية بدون أدنى شك.  ويبدو أن عام ٢٠١٢ سيكون هو الآخر عام الثورات العربية، جديدها وقديمها. فالعديد من الثورات التي تفجرت في العام المنصرم مازالت متقدة تشتعل، والبعض منها هدأ قليلاً ثم عاد للانتفاض أو هو موشكٌ على الثوران مجدداً إما لإدراك ثواره أن ثورتهم لم تكتمل أو لاكتشافهم أن ثورتهم ...  Read More »

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Report of the Independent Civil Society Fact-Finding Mission to Libya

 [The following is the latest from the Palestinian Centre for Human Rights on Libya.] Report of the Independent Civil Society Fact-Finding Mission to Libya Introduction The Independent Civil Society Mission to Libya was established by the Arab Organization for Human Rights (AOHR), in cooperation with the ...  Read More »

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الإخفاقات الأولى للحكومة الملتحية

كنا قد حللنا في مقال سابق الظروف التي فاز فيها حزب العدالة والتنمية بالانتخابات في المغرب بموازاة تحليلنا التاريخي لنشأة الأحزاب المشكلة للتحالف الحكومي الحالي، إذ بحثنا في الظروف التاريخية لولادتها وعرجنا على مشاربها الفكرية والإيديولوجية—إذا كان فعلا ممكنا الحديث عن إيديولوجية حزبية لدى هذه الأحزاب—في  ظل ...  Read More »

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Contre-révolution en Algérie, enseignements pour l'Egypte

Alors que la répression des révolutionnaires égyptiens a pris ces derniers temps une forme de plus en plus ostensible et brutale, il devient urgent de chercher à comprendre ce qui fait la force de la Contre-révolution en cours. Bien sûr, chaque contexte est différent et il est souvent vain de chercher à superposer ...  Read More »

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The Current Political Situation in Libya: An Interview with Ali Ahmida

Libya is back in the news with increasing tensions among various militia groups and political factions struggling for power, sometimes through street battles. Three months have passed since the regime of Muammar Qaddafi was dislodged in Libya. So what is happening in Libya today? What forces are in play, wand hat has ...  Read More »

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Tunisian Film Festival in Hollywood, 10-12 January 2012

Today is the opening of the first Tunisian Film Festival in Hollywood. It is first and foremost a commemoration of the Tunisian revolution, which surprised and shook the world, ushering in insurrections and revolts whose reverberations were heard from Cairo to New York. Secondly, it is also an opportunity to bring ...  Read More »

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Having a Conversation on Other Terms: Gender and the Politics of Representation in the New Moroccan Government

The recent parliamentary elections in Morocco have led to the creation of the first ever elected Islamist government in Morocco’s history. After winning more than forty percent of the votes in the November 25th elections, the Party of Justice and Development (PJD) led by Prime Minister Abdelilah Benkirane formed a ...  Read More »

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Dog Hunting

Many years ago on a day like today, a hard-faced young man sits reading the newspaper in a café in some small alley. He opens the page and a small headline catches his eye: Campaign to Round Up 15,000 Strays in Capital. The young man smiles and reads on: As part of a plan to improve the quality of life for residents ...  Read More »

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The Tunisian South: Regionalism, Marginalization, and Unfulfilled Revolutionary Expectations

Approximately a year after the outbreak of Tunisia’s revolution, the proliferation of graffiti with slogans such as “Live free or die trying,” “Don’t give up,” and “Stand up for your rights” are poignant reminders of the struggle Tunisians embarked upon last December and January. Although Tunisians succeeded in ...  Read More »

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Sidi Bouzid One Year On: Dignity, Stagnation

One year has passed since Mohammed Bouazizi set himself ablaze in Sidi Bouzid. His act had inspired the revolutions throughout the region, most of which have subsequently been rolled back by military authorities, co-opted by religious conservatives, and overtaken by bitter violence. But in Sidi Bouzid on Saturday, the ...  Read More »

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Morocco's Next Government: New Actors, Same Script

Several weeks have passed since Morocco’s most recent parliamentary elections. These yielded a victory for the Islamist Party of Justice and Development (PJD), whose leader, Abdelilah Benkirane, has been appointed as prime minister (or, as the recent constitution dictates, “Chief of Government”). Benkirane’s first ...  Read More »

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Holding Libya Together: Security Challenges After Qadhafi

[The following is the latest from International Crisis Group on Libya]. Holding Libya Together: Security Challenges After Qadhafi EXECUTIVE SUMMARY AND RECOMMENDATIONS As the recent upsurge of violence dramatically illustrates, the militias that were decisive in ousting Qadhafi’s regime are becoming a significant ...  Read More »

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Tunisia's Election Results and the Question of Minorities

Now that the votes have been tallied and the victors of Tunisia’s 23 October elections have been announced, the country’s Constituent Assembly is finally beginning to take shape. With the blue ink still fading from Tunisian voters’ index fingers, all eyes are fixed on the composition of Tunisia’s first ...  Read More »

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Remember, Remember, the 25th of November: Morocco's Elections and Reforms

On 1 July 2011, Moroccans took part in a constitutional referendum, resulting in what is now Morocco's sixth constitution since 1962. Similar to previous constitutions, direction was taken solely from the pinnacle of Moroccan society, leaving the majority voiceless. Members of the February 20th Movement, inspired by ...  Read More »

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November Culture Bouquet

Flowers in November? Yes! After a long, hot summer’s break Jadaliyya Culture returns with another bouquet, as bright as any we have given you before, but this time a bit heavier. Maybe as heavy as a pagan rock sitting on display in the national museum of a theocratic state. Highlights include: — Hamdy ...  Read More »

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Four Poems by Mohammed Khair-Eddin

Mohammed Khair-Eddine (1941-1995) is considered one of the most compelling Moroccan writers of the twentieth century. Born and raised in the southern Berber Moroccan town of Tafraout, Khair-Eddine moved to France in 1965. In 1979 he returned to Morocco where he lived until his death in Rabat in 1995. Mohammed ...  Read More »

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On the Death of Libya's Tyrant

An understanding of the context of Muammar Gaddafi’s demise helps explain why it happened as it did. It also has important repercussions for the future of Libya, since his killing raises important questions about Libyan judicial, military and social processes. Gaddafi’s rule lasted for over four decades—long enough ...  Read More »

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Primo Levi in the Year of Assassinations

Next year will mark twenty-five years since the great Jewish-Italian writer Primo Levi either fell or jumped to his death down the stairwell of his Turin apartment. This year has given us two important cultural products that engage with Levi the chemist, writer, and Auschwitz survivor—a collection of essays published ...  Read More »

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Africa without Qaddafi: The Case of Chad

[The following is the latest from International Crisis Group (ICG) on the impact of Qaddafi's death on neighboring countries.] Africa without Qaddafi: The Case of Chad Executive Summary The end of the long reign of Muammar Qaddafi, killed on 20 October in his hometown of Syrte, opens the way to democracy in ...  Read More »

About Maghreb Page

Jadaliyya’s Maghreb Page delivers exclusive coverage on Algeria, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Tunisia, and the Western Sahara. As the role of the Greater Maghreb has been pivotal in the regional movements, it is imperative that coverage remains consistent and relevant. Jadaliyya offers incisive analysis--in Arabic, French, and English--through an academic and critical perspective.

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Population (July 2016 est.)40,263,711
GDP (2016 est.)$609.4 billion
(2016 est.)9.9%
Youth Unemployment (ages 15-24;
2014 est.): 25.3%
Military Expenditures 
(/GDP, 2016 est.)6%
Health Expenditures (/GDP, 2014 est.): 7.2%


Population (2015 est.)6,597,960
($US billions; 2016 est.)90.89
Unemployment (2004 est.)30%
Youth Unemployment (ages 15-24):
Military Expenditures: 
3.9% of GDP 
Health Expenditures (/GDP, 2014 est.): 5% 


Population (2016 est.): 3,677,293
$7.242 billion
Unemployment (2016 est.)12.8% 
Youth Unemployment (ages 15-24): 67%
Military Expenditures (/GDP, 2014 est.): 2.67%
Health Expenditures (/GDP, 2014 est.): 3.8% 


Population (2016 est.)33,655,786
GDP ($US billions, 2016 est.):  $282.8
Unemployment (2016 est.): 9.9%;
Youth Unemployment (ages 15-24, 2014 est.): 20%
Military Expenditures (/GDP, 2015 est.): 3.25%
Health Expenditures (/GDP, 2014 est.)5.9% 


Population (2016 est.)11,134,588
GDP ($US billion, 2016 est.): $130.8 billion
Unemployment (2016 est.): 14%;
Youth Unemployment (ages 15-24, 2012 est.): 37.8%
Military Expenditures (/GDP, 2015 est.)2.28%
Health Expenditures (/GDP, 2014 est.)7%

Western Sahara:

Population (2016 est.)587,020
GDP ($US million, 2007 est.):  $906.5
Unemployment: n/a
Youth Unemployment (ages 15-24): n/a
Military Expenditures
Health Expenditures

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