maghreb بلدان المغرب

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Hope, Translated

Laila Lalami, Hope and Other Dangerous Pursuits. Chapel Hill, NC: Algonquin, 2005. Tahar Ben Jelloun, A Palace in the Old Village. Translated by Linda Coverdale. New York: Penguin, 2011. Already, the narratives of the Arab Spring dominating the American media have a nebulous relationship with the human stories ...  Read More »

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Report on Exiles from Libya Fleeing to Egypt

[The following is the latest from the International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH) on the situation facing migrant workers and Libyan nationals fleeing Libya as refugees.] Exiles from Libya Flee to Egypt: Double Tragedy for Sub-Saharan Africans INTRODUCTION 1. Hundreds of thousands of migrant workers and ...  Read More »

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The International Criminal Court has now officially made Qaddafi an internationally wanted felon, for Crimes Against Humanity. Libyans everywhere are excitedly anticipating his imminent downfall. However, the “King of Kings” seems to lack the ability to take a ...  Read More »

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100 Days of the 2011 Moroccan Constitution

The February 20th Movement is the public and youthful face of the Arab spring in Morocco, emerging on that date into the streets as part of a series of coordinated Sunday demonstrations throughout the country. One of its rallying slogans is dastarat tawsi’at hay’at al-insaf wa-al-musalaha, or “’constitutionalize” the ...  Read More »

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Call for Submissions: Youth, Media and the Politics of Change in North Africa

Middle East Journal of Culture and Communication Special Issue Call for Papers Youth, Media and the Politics of Change in North Africa: Negotiating Identities, Spaces and Power Guest Editor: Loubna H. Skalli (American University, Washington D.C.) This special issue of the Middle East Journal of Culture and ...  Read More »

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Libya's Revolution Sparks a New Age of Music

After four decades of dictatorship where Qaddafi’s handpicked singer dominated the airwaves and stifled a once vibrant musical scene, Libya is now rocking and swaying to a flood of joyous and defiant sounds. At a recent Libyan pro-revolution rally in the midday heat of Doha, the protestors needed inspiration. They ...  Read More »

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A Turning Point in Morocco?

This Sunday, June 5, major demonstrations were held across Morocco as part of ongoing calls for real reform. However, both the spread and turnout of these demonstrations seem to indicate a turning point that comes in the aftermath of the police killing of Kamal Ammari, one of the leaders of the the February 20th ...  Read More »

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The Year of the Citizen

During the Spring of the so-called Arab Spring, the euphoria that characterized the Winter of 2010/2011 has increasingly given way to more somber attitudes associated with Winter. For those who were expecting a linear progression towards freedom, in which vain autocrats and sclerotic regimes would fall with growing ...  Read More »

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Conference: Mapping and Remapping the Tunisian Revolution

[The following conference announcement was sent to us by its organizer, Professor Nouri Gana.] The Tunisian revolution had taken the world by surprise. Never before in the history of the modern Arab world had a grassroots uprising toppled an entrenched dictator of Ben Ali’s caliber and longevity without recourse to ...  Read More »

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Culture V

This is our fifth weekly edition of Jadaliyya's Culture. Previous weeks can be found here, here, here and here. This week's offerings include:  The conclusion of Sinan Antoon's translation of "Mirrors of Absence" by Syrian dissident poet, Faraj Ahmad ...  Read More »

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Rajab Buhwaysh, "No Illness But This Place"

 This long poem is from the concentration camp of El-Agheila in Libya, is one the most criminal chapters in the history of colonial Africa. The Italian colonization of Libya began in 1911, but in the east it was successfully resisted by the Sanussiyya movement for more than two decades. When the Fascists rose to ...  Read More »

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Al-Shabbi's "The Will to Life"

Abu Al-Qasim Al-Shabbi The Tunisian poet Abu al-Qasim al-Shabbi (1909-1934) is well known and appreciated throughout the Arab world. His words are committed to memory and reproduced in textbooks. With the recent Arab uprisings, his poems, and more particularly “The Will to Life” and “To the Tyrants of the World,” ...  Read More »

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The Arab Uprisings and US Policy (Panel Video)

On Thursday, April 28th, 2011, the Middle East Policy Coucil held a one-day conference on Capitol Hill  in Washingtong D.C., "featuring a discussion of the populist movements sweeping across the Arab world, their regional and global consequences, and how they are impacting U.S. interests and policy ...  Read More »

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The following poem is by Muhammad Farhat al-Shaltami (1945-2010), one of the leading figures of Libyan dissident literature. Born in Benghazi in the wake of Italy’s bloody colonial rule, al-Shaltami was a teacher by occupation. He was first imprisoned in the 1960s under the monarchy – for his poetry as much as for his ...  Read More »

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Conference: “Tunisia and Egypt's Revolutions and Transitions to Democracy”

The Center for the Study of Islam and Democracy (CSID) will hold its 12th Annual conference, this coming Friday, in Washington DC. The main theme for this year’s conference is “Tunisia's and Egypt's Revolution and Transitions to Democracy”. The last few months have been momentous in the history of the Middle East and ...  Read More »

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Missing: Agency and Alternative in the Anti-Intervention Critique

The Libyan people’s revolution against Muammar al-Gaddafi has been called the February 17th revolution. It has been named – like Egypt’s January 25th revolution – after the day on which protests were called for demanding freedom and an end to a brutal and long-standing regime. In Libya, however, the protests erupted ...  Read More »

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Of Principle and Peril

Reasonable, principled people can disagree about whether, in an ideal world, Western military intervention in Libya’s internal war would be a moral imperative. With Saddam Hussein dead and gone, there is arguably no more capricious and overbearing dictator in the Arab world than Col. Muammar al-Qaddafi. The uprising ...  Read More »

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NYT Reporter Anthony Shadid Missing in Libya

[UPDATED March 21: The NYT announced that the Libyan government has released all four reporters, who are reportedly on their way home. Reports indicate the Turkish government played a key role in negotiating their freedom.] [UPDATED March 18: In an interview with Christiane Amanpour for ABC, Saif Qadaffi said that ...  Read More »

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Solidarity and Intervention in Libya

The Libyan uprising is entering its fourth week. The courage and persistence of the Libyan people’s efforts to overthrow al-Qaddafi have been met with ongoing regime brutality ranging from shoot-to-kill policies to the indiscriminate use of artillery against unarmed civilians. When we last wrote on this subject, we ...  Read More »

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More Than a "Personal Error of Judgment": Seif Gaddafi and the London School of Economics

“Seif is committed to resolving contentious international and domestic issues through dialogue, debate, and peaceful negotiations.” These were the words with which Professor David Held introduced a public lecture by Seif al-Islam al-Gaddafi at the London School of Economics (LSE) in 2009. Last week, British media ...  Read More »

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عصافير العقيد [The Colonel's (Gaber) Asfours]

في لحظات احتضار نظامه، وسط الجنون والخراب، لا يبقى من العقيد الليبي سوى صورة المهرّج. مهرّج مغطى بالدم والريش والدولارات، يعيش الوحدة محاطاً ببعض ابنائه، عاجزاً عن التصديق بأن الزمن انقلب به، والهاوية في انتظاره.الاحتضار الدموي الطويل لنظام 'الكتاب الأخضر'، يأتي في سياق ثورة شعبية تجتاح العالم العربي، وتؤسس لشرعية ...  Read More »

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الخطة الشعبية المجربة لإسقاط الأنظمة المتجبرة [The Tested Popular Plan for Toppling Powerful Regimes]

 قد يكون أبلغ دروس الثورتين المصرية والتونسية أن ثورة شعبية سلمية، يشارك فيها عشرات الألوف أو مئاتها، هي ما يمكن أن تهدم هياكل سلطة باطشة كهذه القائمة في أكثر الدول العربية. لا يعدو هذا «الدرس» أن يكون تسجيلاً لما حصل بالفعل في البلدين. لكن هذا التسجيل لما هو عارض، مبدئيا، معقول وضروري وقابل للتعميم. أو هذا ما ...  Read More »

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Teach-in: Democratization, Empire, & the Arab Revolt of 2011

In light of revolutions, or refo-lutions as captured by Jadaliyya contributor Asef Bayat, Jadaliyya teamed with the US Palestinian Community Network-DC to organize a teach-in targeting the progressive left community in the DC metro area. The teach-in entitled "Democratization, Empire, & the Arab Revolt of ...  Read More »

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Paradoxes of Arab Refo-lutions

Serious concerns are expressed currently in Tunisia and Egypt about the sabotage of the defeated elites. Many in the revolutionary and pro-democracy circles speak of a creeping counter-revolution. This is not surprising. If revolutions are about intense struggle for a profound change, then any revolution should expect ...  Read More »

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The Fabric of Democracy

When disturbed, they usually escape by running and rarely take to flight. (The Common Peacock) In Rogues, his 2003 volume on rogue states,[1] Jacques Derrida looked to Plato's Republic in order to assess the Grecian syntagma of democracy as ‘democracy to come.’ Passages from the Republic referring to ...  Read More »

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The Arabs in Africa

As Libyans rise up against the 41-year-old dictatorship of Muammar al-Qaddafi, one of the most striking claims of state violence has been the hiring of “African mercenaries” to crush the revolt. Like Hosni Mubarak’s “thugs” (or baltagiya in Arabic, terms that gained widespread currency almost instantly), the ...  Read More »

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Emergencies and Economics: Algeria and the Politics of Memory

On February 24th the Algerian government lifted the state of emergency that has been operative in Algeria for almost two decades. Undoubtedly, this was a response to the changing political tides in the Middle East, as well as popular unrest in Algeria itself. While localized riots have been a common occurrence in ...  Read More »

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Algeria's Military Capabilities

The basic Algerian tripartite configuration of a national gendarmerie, the police, and the armed forces (army, navy, air force) mirrors in many ways its French counterparts. As with the French national Gendarmerie, the Algerian equivalent, made up of 150,000 people, serves as a paramilitary force charged with ...  Read More »

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Map of Libya According to Qaddafi Imagi-Nation

[This cartoon was prepared after Qaddafi's third speech on February 25, in which he equated Libya with himself . . . ]  Read More »

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What Really Bothered Qaddafi (Speech Excerpt with Translation)

On February 22nd, Qaddafi delivered a televised speech in which he appeared troubled and angry. Most observers assumed he was such because of his imminent dethroning. But that was not what was bothering him. Taking a break from superficial analysis at Jadaliyya, we put our minds to the task and excavated the phonetic ...  Read More »

About Maghreb Page

Jadaliyya’s Maghreb Page delivers exclusive coverage on Algeria, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Tunisia, and the Western Sahara. As the role of the Greater Maghreb has been pivotal in the regional movements, it is imperative that coverage remains consistent and relevant. Jadaliyya offers incisive analysis--in Arabic, French, and English--through an academic and critical perspective.

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Population (July 2016 est.)40,263,711
GDP (2016 est.)$609.4 billion
(2016 est.)9.9%
Youth Unemployment (ages 15-24;
2014 est.): 25.3%
Military Expenditures 
(/GDP, 2016 est.)6%
Health Expenditures (/GDP, 2014 est.): 7.2%


Population (2015 est.)6,597,960
($US billions; 2016 est.)90.89
Unemployment (2004 est.)30%
Youth Unemployment (ages 15-24):
Military Expenditures: 
3.9% of GDP 
Health Expenditures (/GDP, 2014 est.): 5% 


Population (2016 est.): 3,677,293
$7.242 billion
Unemployment (2016 est.)12.8% 
Youth Unemployment (ages 15-24): 67%
Military Expenditures (/GDP, 2014 est.): 2.67%
Health Expenditures (/GDP, 2014 est.): 3.8% 


Population (2016 est.)33,655,786
GDP ($US billions, 2016 est.):  $282.8
Unemployment (2016 est.): 9.9%;
Youth Unemployment (ages 15-24, 2014 est.): 20%
Military Expenditures (/GDP, 2015 est.): 3.25%
Health Expenditures (/GDP, 2014 est.)5.9% 


Population (2016 est.)11,134,588
GDP ($US billion, 2016 est.): $130.8 billion
Unemployment (2016 est.): 14%;
Youth Unemployment (ages 15-24, 2012 est.): 37.8%
Military Expenditures (/GDP, 2015 est.)2.28%
Health Expenditures (/GDP, 2014 est.)7%

Western Sahara:

Population (2016 est.)587,020
GDP ($US million, 2007 est.):  $906.5
Unemployment: n/a
Youth Unemployment (ages 15-24): n/a
Military Expenditures
Health Expenditures

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