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Having a Conversation on Other Terms: Gender and the Politics of Representation in the New Moroccan Government

The recent parliamentary elections in Morocco have led to the creation of the first ever elected Islamist government in Morocco’s history. After winning more than forty percent of the votes in the November 25th elections, the Party of Justice and Development (PJD) led by Prime Minister Abdelilah Benkirane formed a ...  Read More »

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The Tunisian South: Regionalism, Marginalization, and Unfulfilled Revolutionary Expectations

Approximately a year after the outbreak of Tunisia’s revolution, the proliferation of graffiti with slogans such as “Live free or die trying,” “Don’t give up,” and “Stand up for your rights” are poignant reminders of the struggle Tunisians embarked upon last December and January. Although Tunisians succeeded in ...  Read More »

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Sidi Bouzid One Year On: Dignity, Stagnation

One year has passed since Mohammed Bouazizi set himself ablaze in Sidi Bouzid. His act had inspired the revolutions throughout the region, most of which have subsequently been rolled back by military authorities, co-opted by religious conservatives, and overtaken by bitter violence. But in Sidi Bouzid on Saturday, the ...  Read More »

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Morocco's Next Government: New Actors, Same Script

Several weeks have passed since Morocco’s most recent parliamentary elections. These yielded a victory for the Islamist Party of Justice and Development (PJD), whose leader, Abdelilah Benkirane, has been appointed as prime minister (or, as the recent constitution dictates, “Chief of Government”). Benkirane’s first ...  Read More »

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Holding Libya Together: Security Challenges After Qadhafi

[The following is the latest from International Crisis Group on Libya]. Holding Libya Together: Security Challenges After Qadhafi EXECUTIVE SUMMARY AND RECOMMENDATIONS As the recent upsurge of violence dramatically illustrates, the militias that were decisive in ousting Qadhafi’s regime are becoming a significant ...  Read More »

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آفاق «الحكومة الملتحية» وإكراهات مشهد سياسي مغربي مبلقن

الآن وقد مر بعض الوقت على الانتخابات البرلمانية السابقة لأوانها التي جرت في المغرب في الخامس والعشرين من شهر نوفمبر/تشرين ثاني والتي، كما يعرف الجميع، فاز الإسلاميون خلالها ب 25 بالمئة من المقاعد 395 المشكلة للبرلمان المغربي. فوز اعتبره الكثير من المتتبعين للشأن المغربي والمغاربي والعربي تاريخيا على اعتبار الظروف ...  Read More »

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New Texts Out Now: Zakia Salime, Between Feminism and Islam: Human Rights and Sharia Law in Morocco

Zakia Salime, Between Feminism and Islam: Human Rights and Sharia Law in Morocco. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2011. Jadaliyya: What made you write this book? Zakia Salime: In this critical time of sweeping revolts and political changes in the Middle East, it is very useful to revisit the spaces of ...  Read More »

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Tunisia's Election Results and the Question of Minorities

Now that the votes have been tallied and the victors of Tunisia’s 23 October elections have been announced, the country’s Constituent Assembly is finally beginning to take shape. With the blue ink still fading from Tunisian voters’ index fingers, all eyes are fixed on the composition of Tunisia’s first ...  Read More »

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قراءة في الانتخابات المغربية في سياقيها الإقليمي والدولي

ينظم المغرب انتخابات سابقة لأوانها اليوم الجمعة في سياق وطني وإقليمي ودولي مفصلي. الحديث عن انتخابات 25 نوفمبر يستتبع الحديث عن  الظروف المحلية والاقليمية والدولية التي عجلت بها وجعلتها ممكنة رغم أن كل المؤشرات القادمة من البلد كانت  تنبئ بالعكس حتى بعد انتكاسة انتخابات سنة 2007 التي لم تتجاوز نسبة المشاركة ...  Read More »

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Remember, Remember, the 25th of November: Morocco's Elections and Reforms

On 1 July 2011, Moroccans took part in a constitutional referendum, resulting in what is now Morocco's sixth constitution since 1962. Similar to previous constitutions, direction was taken solely from the pinnacle of Moroccan society, leaving the majority voiceless. Members of the February 20th Movement, inspired by ...  Read More »

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Flowering of the Arab Spring: Understanding Tunisia’s Elections Results

In early 1994 a small Islamic think tank affiliated with the University of South Florida (USF) planned an academic forum to host Rachid Ghannouchi, the leader of the main opposition party in Tunisia, Ennahdha. The objective of this annual event was to give Western academics and intellectuals a rare opportunity to ...  Read More »

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If the Libyan War Was About Saving Lives, It Was a Catastrophic Failure

As the most hopeful offshoot of the "Arab spring" so far flowered this week in successful elections in Tunisia, its ugliest underside has been laid bare in Libya. That's not only, or even mainly, about the YouTube lynching of Qaddafi, courtesy of a NATO attack on his convoy. The grisly killing of the Libyan ...  Read More »

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الحركة الإسلامية في شمال أفريقيا: تناقضات الخطاب والممارسة

إن الحق في المشاركة السياسية مقدس ولا يسعنا إلا الوقوف مع كل من حرم من هذا الحق في أي مكان. فكل المواطنبن العرب يجب أن يتمتعوا بحقهم الطبيعي في التعبير عن رأيهم في الاختيار السياسي، بغض النظر عن الانتماء الأيديولوجي، ماداموا يؤمنون بالخيار الديمقراطي كحل لتداول السلطة وتحقيق التغيير السياسي المنشود، وما يستتبعه من ...  Read More »

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The Battle for Tunisia

Only days prior to the 23 October elections for a national constituent assembly, Tunisia continues to be an embattled and profoundly polarized terrain. Since the ouster of Zine el-Abidine Ben Ali in January, peaceful and less than peaceful demonstrations and sit-ins have routinely taken place throughout the country, ...  Read More »

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From Blogging to Writing the Constitution

In Tunisia, the only country of the Arab Spring revolutions with a definite date set for free elections—October 23, 2011—the consensus among many activists is that the revolution has stalled. The interior ministry, where protestors dramatically demanded the exit of Ben Ali, is now surrounded by barbed wire and ...  Read More »

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Sovereign Wealth and Ruler Loot

The mobility of capital, depending on one’s position, is a virtue or a vice. Since the onset of the Arab Spring, a lot of money has been moving in, out, and around the Middle East. In the classic liberal world, the mobility of money is governed by the market. In the real world however, politics has a say. Some of ...  Read More »

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...أيام السينما المغربية: المسكوت عنه، ولكن

تسعة أفلام شاركت في تظاهرة احتفائية بالسينما المغربية في بداية شهر أيلول/ سبتمبر في برلين. فرصة ثمينة لاكتشاف تجارب شابة لا تخلو من راديكاليّة، في طرحها لقضايا شائكة مثل حقوق المرأة والقمع السياسي والمجتمع البطريركي... رغم افتقارها أحياناً إلى العمق الفكري والنضج الفنّي. تحت شعار «التحول والتنوع»، أقيمت  «أيام ...  Read More »

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New Texts Out Now: Mohamed Daadaoui, "Moroccan Monarchy and the Islamist Challenge"

Mohamed Daadaoui, Moroccan Monarchy and the Islamist Challenge: Maintaining Makhzen Power. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2011. Jadaliyya: What made you write this book? Mohamed Daadaoui: I wrote the book because of a long-standing interest in my own country’s political system and the remarkable longevity of ...  Read More »

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Algeria and the Arab Spring: A View from the Forest

Algeria has been back in the “Arab Spring” headlines this month, though for more ambiguous reasons than the lifting of the state of emergency in February.  Since the fall of Qaddafi, Algeria’s role has been cast as a bastion of the military elite, on the one hand, and a quiet supporter of Qaddafi’s regime, on the ...  Read More »

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Democracy Now! Interview with Anjali Kamat on Militarization and Reconciliation in Libya

This is an interview conducted with Anjali Kamat on Wednesday, 14 September, in regards to the post-Qaddaif situation in Libya. The interview addresses the legacies of both Qaddafi's rule and the armed rebellion to overthrow him, highlighting questions of militarization, reconciliation, and the future role of ...  Read More »

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Democracy Now! Interview with Mahmood Mamdani on Regional Implications of NATO Intervention

This is an interview conducted with Mahmood Mamdani on Wednesday, 14 September, in regards to recent developments in Libya and Sudan. The interview addresses the implications of NATO's intervention in Libya and the independence of South Sudan, highlighting the regional implications for the African continent. As the ...  Read More »

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هلّ هلال الحرية

 هلّ هلال الحرية في العالم العربي.  فثورة السابع عشر من فبراير على بعد أيام من انتصارها المظفر، والقذافي في مخبأ ما يعد لحظاته الأخيرة أو يخطط لواحدة من عملياته الجنونية، ولكن حكمه انتهى فعلياً.  وقريباً ستنضم ليبيا إلى تونس ومصر في خلاصها من طاغيتها.  فهل سنحتفل بعد عيد تحرير ليبيا بأعياد تحرير ...  Read More »

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في نقد ما يسمى بالنموذج الليبي الناجح

بعد اكتمال انهيار نظام القذّافي ودخول الثوار العاصمة الليبيّة طرابلس ارتفعت بعض الأصوات المتفرّقة، والقليلة، في الوسط السوري مطالبةً بالاقتداء بالنموذج الليبي ومعتبرة اﻻتجاه نحو التسلّح وطلب التدخّل العسكري الخارجي هو الطريق الأفضل "لإسقاط النظام" في سوريا. تتميّز هذه الأصوات، الهامشية وغير الممثلة للرأي ...  Read More »

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A Romanticized Oriental Wedding in Marrakech

Dikra and Sofian are both children of North African immigrants to France. Sofian grew up in a culturally mixed family. His father is Algerian and came to France in his late twenties to pursue his doctoral studies in Paris. There, he met Sofian's mother, a French woman of Spanish descent (Her family had fled the ...  Read More »

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Democracy Now! Interview with Gilbert Achcar on the Libyan Rebels

This is an interview conducted with Gilbert Achcar on Wednesday, August 24, in regards to news of the Libyan rebels entering Tripoli. The interview addresses the events surrounding this development, highlighting the dynamics of the NATO intervention and discussing the identities and interests that make up the rebel ...  Read More »

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NATO's "Conspiracy" against the Libyan Revolution

In an op-ed published in the Wall Street Journal (19 July 2011), Max Boot— the aptly named neoconservative author and military historian known for his support for “democracy promotion” at the point of a gun, and an ardent supporter of full-scale US military engagement in Libya—referred to a Financial Times article (15 ...  Read More »

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The Never Ending Story: Protests and Constitutions in Morocco

On 1 July 2011, Moroccans went to the polls in a referendum promoted by King Mohammed VI to approve a new constitution to replace that of 1996. A vote of over ninety-eight percent, in an official turnout of over seventy-two percent, unsurprisingly approved the new text. The new constitution supposedly represents a ...  Read More »

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Popular Upsurge and Political Pacts in Morocco

The making of the 2011 constitution in Morocco has renewed debates and theoretical curiosity about the trajectory of elite accords and their impact on pushing countries in transition beyond their intermediate phase of liberalization. Proponents of cooperative transitions shaped by soft-liners within regimes and ...  Read More »

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Report on Exiles from Libya Fleeing to Egypt

[The following is the latest from the International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH) on the situation facing migrant workers and Libyan nationals fleeing Libya as refugees.] Exiles from Libya Flee to Egypt: Double Tragedy for Sub-Saharan Africans INTRODUCTION 1. Hundreds of thousands of migrant workers and ...  Read More »

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الثورات تُسقط أنظمة الأفكار أيضاً

«هذا أوان الحرائق، لا ينبغي أن يُرى غير النُّور» (هوسي مارتي) وصف الفيلسوف الماركسي سلافوي جيجك الانتفاضات الشعبية التي تشهدها المنطقة العربية بالمعجزة. الوصف دقيق ما دامت الحالة التي يتحدّث عنها ينطبق عليها التعريف المألوف للمعجزة، بما هي حدث خارق لم يتنبّأ بحدوثه أحد. قد يقال ردّاً على هذه المفرقعة التي أطلقها ...  Read More »

About Maghreb Page

Jadaliyya’s Maghreb Page delivers exclusive coverage on Algeria, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Tunisia, and the Western Sahara. As the role of the Greater Maghreb has been pivotal in the regional movements, it is imperative that coverage remains consistent and relevant. Jadaliyya offers incisive analysis--in Arabic, French, and English--through an academic and critical perspective.

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Algeria:

Population 34,994,937
GDP $251.1 billion
Unemployment
10%; Youth Unemployment (ages 15-24): 24.3%
Military Expenditures
3.3% of GDP (World Rank: 37)
Health Expenditures
5.8% of GDP (World Rank 114)

Libya:

Population 6,597,960
GDP 
$90.57 billion
Unemployment 
30%; Youth Unemployment (ages 15-24): n/a
Military Expenditures
3.9% of GDP (World Rank: 26)
Health Expenditures
6.6% of GDP (World Rank: 89)

Mauritania:

Population 3,359,185
GDP 
$7.242 billion
Unemployment 
30% (2008); Youth Unemployment (ages 15-24): 67%
Military Expenditures
5.5% of GDP (World Rank: 12)
Health Expenditures
5.7% of GDP (World Rank: 121) 

Morocco:

Population 32,309,239
GDP 
$163 billion
Unemployment 
9.2%; Youth Unemployment (ages 15-24): 21.9%
Military Expenditures
5% of GDP (World Rank: 16)
Health Expenditures
5.5% of GDP (World Rank: 128)

Tunisia:

Population 10,629,186
GDP 
$100 billion
Unemployment 
13%; Youth Unemployment (ages 15-24): 30.7%
Military Expenditures
1.4% of GDP (World Rank: 109)
Health Expenditures
6.2% of GDP (World Rank: 100) 

Western Sahara:

Population 522,928
GDP 
$906.5 million
Unemployment 
n/a; Youth Unemployment (ages 15-24): n/a
Military Expenditures
n/a
Health Expenditures
n/a

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