maghreb بلدان المغرب

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Report on Exiles from Libya Fleeing to Egypt

[The following is the latest from the International Federation for Human Rights (FIDH) on the situation facing migrant workers and Libyan nationals fleeing Libya as refugees.] Exiles from Libya Flee to Egypt: Double Tragedy for Sub-Saharan Africans INTRODUCTION 1. Hundreds of thousands of migrant workers and ...  Read More »

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الثورات تُسقط أنظمة الأفكار أيضاً

«هذا أوان الحرائق، لا ينبغي أن يُرى غير النُّور» (هوسي مارتي) وصف الفيلسوف الماركسي سلافوي جيجك الانتفاضات الشعبية التي تشهدها المنطقة العربية بالمعجزة. الوصف دقيق ما دامت الحالة التي يتحدّث عنها ينطبق عليها التعريف المألوف للمعجزة، بما هي حدث خارق لم يتنبّأ بحدوثه أحد. قد يقال ردّاً على هذه المفرقعة التي أطلقها ...  Read More »

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Promises and Challenges: The Tunisian Revolution of 2010-2011

[Below is the latest from the National Lawyers Guild (NLG) on Tunisia.] Promises and Challenges: The Tunisian Revolution of 2010-2011 The Report of the March 2011 Delegation of Attorneys to Tunisia from National Lawyers Guild (US), Haldane Society of Socialist Lawyers (UK), and Mazlumder (Turkey). PART I: ...  Read More »

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WANTED!

The International Criminal Court has now officially made Qaddafi an internationally wanted felon, for Crimes Against Humanity. Libyans everywhere are excitedly anticipating his imminent downfall. However, the “King of Kings” seems to lack the ability to take a ...  Read More »

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100 Days of the 2011 Moroccan Constitution

The February 20th Movement is the public and youthful face of the Arab spring in Morocco, emerging on that date into the streets as part of a series of coordinated Sunday demonstrations throughout the country. One of its rallying slogans is dastarat tawsi’at hay’at al-insaf wa-al-musalaha, or “’constitutionalize” the ...  Read More »

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Youth, Media and the Art of Protest in North Africa

“Everyone has his own way of fighting, and my weapon is art!” says Milad Faraway, a 20 year-old Libyan who created the rap group Music Masters with another young friend in 2010. Their song “Youth of the Revolution” urges “Moammar [to] get out” and end the violation of Libyans’ rights. “Qadhafi, open your eyes wide” ...  Read More »

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Libya's Revolution Sparks a New Age of Music

After four decades of dictatorship where Qaddafi’s handpicked singer dominated the airwaves and stifled a once vibrant musical scene, Libya is now rocking and swaying to a flood of joyous and defiant sounds. At a recent Libyan pro-revolution rally in the midday heat of Doha, the protestors needed inspiration. They ...  Read More »

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A Turning Point in Morocco?

This Sunday, June 5, major demonstrations were held across Morocco as part of ongoing calls for real reform. However, both the spread and turnout of these demonstrations seem to indicate a turning point that comes in the aftermath of the police killing of Kamal Ammari, one of the leaders of the the February 20th ...  Read More »

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Algeria's Impact on French Philosophy: Between Poststructuralist Theory and Colonial Practice

Pal Ahuluwalia. Out of Africa: Post-Structuralism’s Colonial Roots. New York: Routledge, 2010. Jane Goodman and Paul A. Silverstein (eds). Bourdieu in Algeria: Colonial Politics, Ethnographic Practices, Theoretical Developments. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 2009. Christopher Wise. Derrida, Africa and the ...  Read More »

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Amnesia: Ben Ali's Infamous Legacy

On independence day, March 20, and then again on April 30, the eve of Tunisia’s Labor Day, Tunisia’s interim president Fouad Mebazaa -the watchdog legislator of Ben Ali’s authoritarian rule since 1987- called upon the Tunisian people for national reconciliation without specifying its terms and conditions. His ...  Read More »

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Tribes of Libya as the Third Front: Myths and Realities of Non-State Actors in the Long Battle for Misrata

Recent news reports originating from Libyan state media have Libyan tribes sending representatives to the rebels in Misrata, hoping to negotiate for peace and for control of the city. An April 24 article in The Guardian quoted Libya’s deputy foreign minister, Khaled Kaim, as threatening a “very bloody” assault against ...  Read More »

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The Arab Spring: Two Dictators Down, Twenty To Go

Dictators in Libya, Bahrain, Oman, Yemen, Jordan, Syria and other Arab countries have resorted to increasingly repressive and brutal tactics to hold on to power. Khalil Bendib's two cartoons succinctly portray the current state of the 'Arab Spring' as well as its future prospects.         Read More »

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Kosova, Libya, and the Question of Intervention

Kosova and Libya are juxtaposed nowadays in suggesting what humanitarian intervention can do. Hashim Thaci, Kosova’s prime minister and former resistance fighter, celebrates what NATO did to defend Kosovars in 1999 when they bombed Serbia and its forces for 78 days to prevent genocide. Few if any Kosovars would decry ...  Read More »

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Is the 2011 Libyan Revolution an Exception?

After the fall of Hosni Mubarak, the strong man of the Middle East on February 11, 2011, the Arab Spring appeared to be an unrelenting force. In the week following his downfall, three theaters of major rebellion—Libya, Yemen, Bahrain—quickly emerged, with Iran’s suppressed Green revolution resurfacing for a while as ...  Read More »

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All Sorts of Interventions

The focal point of the “Arab Spring” has shifted from the successful uprisings of Tunisia and Egypt to the bleak developments in Bahrain and Libya. As the military forces of Britain, France, and the United States are taking “all necessary measures” to topple the Qaddafi regime, troops from the Gulf Cooperation Council ...  Read More »

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French Wildflowers and Algerian Gangsters: Humanism and Violence at the Movies

Des hommes et des dieux (Of Gods and Men). Written and directed by Xavier Beauvois. France, 2010. Hors la loi (Outside the Law). Written and directed by Rachid Bouchareb. Algeria/Belgium/France, 2010. Recently, two movies have offered Algeria a starring role at the post-colonial box-office. Des hommes et des dieux ...  Read More »

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Solidarity and Intervention in Libya

The Libyan uprising is entering its fourth week. The courage and persistence of the Libyan people’s efforts to overthrow al-Qaddafi have been met with ongoing regime brutality ranging from shoot-to-kill policies to the indiscriminate use of artillery against unarmed civilians. When we last wrote on this subject, we ...  Read More »

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Shades of Solidarity: Notes On Race-talk, Intervention, and Revolution

In this season of revolution, the early and stunning toppling of dictators – if not necessarily entire regimes – in Tunisia and Egypt has been followed by what appear for the moment to be stalemates in Bahrain and Libya. And in these latter two countries, despite wildly different circumstances, a curious ...  Read More »

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عصافير العقيد [The Colonel's (Gaber) Asfours]

في لحظات احتضار نظامه، وسط الجنون والخراب، لا يبقى من العقيد الليبي سوى صورة المهرّج. مهرّج مغطى بالدم والريش والدولارات، يعيش الوحدة محاطاً ببعض ابنائه، عاجزاً عن التصديق بأن الزمن انقلب به، والهاوية في انتظاره.الاحتضار الدموي الطويل لنظام 'الكتاب الأخضر'، يأتي في سياق ثورة شعبية تجتاح العالم العربي، وتؤسس لشرعية ...  Read More »

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Killing in the Name of: Libya, Sovereignty, Humanity

Libyans are begging to be saved, we have been told. We are also told that the international community has the responsibility to protect Libyans. It is now March 11, 2011. Yesterday, the Republic of France recognized the sovereignty of the Interim Transitional National Council of the Libyan Republic, presumably as the ...  Read More »

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عن الإستثناء المغربي [On the Moroccan Exception]

  لقد كان لافتا للنظر وجود حملة شرسة استعملت فيها كل الوسائل المتاحة من إعلام تقليدي وإلكتروني وكذلك الإعلام الفتاك الجديد ألا وهو سلاح الاعلام الإجتماعي للدفاع عن فكرة واحدة ووحيدة وهي الإستثناء المغربي. إذ يجب الاعتراف باختلاف المغرب كبلد وجغرافيا وتنوع ثقافي وتاريخي عن بقية البلاد العربية فإنه في نفس الوقت ...  Read More »

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The Arabs in Africa

As Libyans rise up against the 41-year-old dictatorship of Muammar al-Qaddafi, one of the most striking claims of state violence has been the hiring of “African mercenaries” to crush the revolt. Like Hosni Mubarak’s “thugs” (or baltagiya in Arabic, terms that gained widespread currency almost instantly), the ...  Read More »

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"The Responsibility to Protect": Notes on Libya, Sovereignty, and the UN Security Council

I am writing on 27 February 2011, when there are calls for the international community to intervene, if necessary with violence, into Libyan affairs. Most recently, and “in a distinct echo of the tactics they pursued to encourage US intervention in the Balkans and Iraq, a familiar clutch of neo-conservatives appealed ...  Read More »

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Algeria's Military Capabilities

The basic Algerian tripartite configuration of a national gendarmerie, the police, and the armed forces (army, navy, air force) mirrors in many ways its French counterparts. As with the French national Gendarmerie, the Algerian equivalent, made up of 150,000 people, serves as a paramilitary force charged with ...  Read More »

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Exclusive Update from Benghazi: Inside Information on the Opposition Movement

This morning, I spoke to Mohammed Fannoush, an active dissident in Benghazi, who informed me that the liberated cities, in both the East and West, have come together and organized a committee which will serve as a collective organ from which they will continue to unwaveringly fight for the overthrow of Muammar ...  Read More »

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Libya's Significance

With the 42-year reign of Libya’s Muammar Qaddafi coming to a seemingly inevitable end, it is worth reflecting on the significance and regional implications of his ouster. Perhaps most importantly, Qaddafi’s removal cannot but result in genuine regime change. Unlike Egypt or Tunisia, Libya does not possess autonomous ...  Read More »

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Map of Libya According to Qaddafi Imagi-Nation

[This cartoon was prepared after Qaddafi's third speech on February 25, in which he equated Libya with himself . . . ]  Read More »

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What Really Bothered Qaddafi (Speech Excerpt with Translation)

On February 22nd, Qaddafi delivered a televised speech in which he appeared troubled and angry. Most observers assumed he was such because of his imminent dethroning. But that was not what was bothering him. Taking a break from superficial analysis at Jadaliyya, we put our minds to the task and excavated the phonetic ...  Read More »

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Jadaliyya Interview with Ali Ahmida

[Our first Interview is conducted by Jadaliyya Co-Editor, Noura Erakat] In this interview, Ali Ahmida (bio here) discusses how the recent civilian revolt began as a reformist movement and quickly transformed into a revolutionary one demanding regime change. Ahmida also places the opposition forces in their ...  Read More »

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On International Intervention and the Dire Situation in Libya

Yesterday, the United Nations Security Council held a formal meeting in which they condemned the violence in Libya and threatened to hold violators of international law accountable. At the same time, the Arab League held an extraordinary session in which it suspended Libya’s membership. These measures, and others, ...  Read More »

About Maghreb Page

Jadaliyya’s Maghreb Page delivers exclusive coverage on Algeria, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Tunisia, and the Western Sahara. As the role of the Greater Maghreb has been pivotal in the regional movements, it is imperative that coverage remains consistent and relevant. Jadaliyya offers incisive analysis--in Arabic, French, and English--through an academic and critical perspective.

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Algeria:

Population 34,994,937
GDP $251.1 billion
Unemployment
10%; Youth Unemployment (ages 15-24): 24.3%
Military Expenditures
3.3% of GDP (World Rank: 37)
Health Expenditures
5.8% of GDP (World Rank 114)

Libya:

Population 6,597,960
GDP 
$90.57 billion
Unemployment 
30%; Youth Unemployment (ages 15-24): n/a
Military Expenditures
3.9% of GDP (World Rank: 26)
Health Expenditures
6.6% of GDP (World Rank: 89)

Mauritania:

Population 3,359,185
GDP 
$7.242 billion
Unemployment 
30% (2008); Youth Unemployment (ages 15-24): 67%
Military Expenditures
5.5% of GDP (World Rank: 12)
Health Expenditures
5.7% of GDP (World Rank: 121) 

Morocco:

Population 32,309,239
GDP 
$163 billion
Unemployment 
9.2%; Youth Unemployment (ages 15-24): 21.9%
Military Expenditures
5% of GDP (World Rank: 16)
Health Expenditures
5.5% of GDP (World Rank: 128)

Tunisia:

Population 10,629,186
GDP 
$100 billion
Unemployment 
13%; Youth Unemployment (ages 15-24): 30.7%
Military Expenditures
1.4% of GDP (World Rank: 109)
Health Expenditures
6.2% of GDP (World Rank: 100) 

Western Sahara:

Population 522,928
GDP 
$906.5 million
Unemployment 
n/a; Youth Unemployment (ages 15-24): n/a
Military Expenditures
n/a
Health Expenditures
n/a

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